Top PDF Abstract The scope of this study was to evaluate

Abstract The scope of this study was to evaluate

Abstract The scope of this study was to evaluate

Abstract The scope of this study was to evaluate drug prescriptions for elderly patients in the geriat- ric outpatient ward of a hospital. A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in a university hospital, with the application of a questionnaire. Patients aged ≥ 60 years were interviewed about their drug prescriptions and a total of 208 patients were interviewed. The average number of drugs used per person was 3.8 and the drugs most used were for the cardiovascular system (37%). 406 po- tential interactions were identified in 140 patients (67.3%), and duplicate therapy was found in two prescriptions. The potentially inappropriate drug most used for the elderly was nifedipine (2.4%). Data from this study support the relevance of the issue of drug use among the elderly, thus reinforcing the importance of the evaluation of the process of the prescription of drugs for this population. Key words Elderly individuals, Drug prescriptions, Drug evaluation
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Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the prev-

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the prev-

for the difference in the association with gen- der between the ages of 5 and 12 is the current period of life of these children. At five years of age, health conditions and behaviors are mostly modulated by actions of those responsible, i.e., they are a reflection of the care or importance of the person responsible for the child, since it is a very early age and there is no independence concerning health. Therefore, this higher occur- rence in females does not necessarily represent a risk profile. By the age of 12, the health condi- tion becomes more reflexive of the behaviors and personality of the child itself. Another factor to be considered is the value of the prevalence ra- tio identified for the female gender in this study (1.06), which is close to 1, showing that despite the difference between genders, the likelihood of occurrence of malocclusion is quite high, that is, girls are only 6% more likely to have the outcome compared to boys.
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Abstract - The objective of this study was to evaluate gas exchange and production of Maçã

Abstract - The objective of this study was to evaluate gas exchange and production of Maçã

For statistical analyzes of data of the evaluated characteristics, the arrangement was arranged in a factorial scheme 7x7x2, seven genotypes, seven evaluation periods (months), and two reading times in each season, arranged in a completely randomized design. Data were submitted to analysis of variance and then the unfolding of the interactions according to their significance. The means of these variables were compared by the F test (p <0.05) for reading time factors; and grouped by the Scott-Knott criterion (p <0.05) for genotype and evaluation periods (months) factors using the statistical software SAEG (RIBEIRO JR.; MELO, 2009).
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Abstract The aim of this study was to compare

Abstract The aim of this study was to compare

In the area of Social Relations, no statistical difference was observed for either sex and the values of the scores were all above 60.9, although they were lower for the nursing home residents. Considering that this domain brings together in- terpersonal relationships and social support, it can be understood that the social losses to which the elderly are exposed, that is, everyday roles (professional, political, or family), are recom- pensed with the new activities at the Day Center and even in the Institution, not representing im- pairment in the QOL of the elderly, in the same way as the findings in the studies in 3 LSIEs in the interior of São Paulo 21 , in Caxias do Sul/RS 22 , and
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Abstract The objective of this study was to analy-

Abstract The objective of this study was to analy-

ze the effect of age-period and cohort (APC) of birth on mortality for acute myocardial infarction in Brazil and its geographic regions, according to sex in the period from 1980 to 2009. The data was extracted from the Mortality Information System and was corrected and adjusted by means of pro- portional redistribution of records with sex and age ignored, ill-defined causes, and corrections were made based on the death sub-register. The APC was calculated using the Poisson regression model with estimable functions. The APC analy- sis on both sexes and in all regions of the country showed gradual reductions in the risk of death in birth cohorts from the decade of the 1940s, except in the Northeast. In this region, there have been progressive increases in the risk of death from the late 1940s for both sexes. This was up until the 1950s for men and the 1960s for women. It was concluded that the observed differences in the risk of death in Brazilian regions is the result of socio -economic inequalities and poor access to health services within the Brazilian territory, favoring early mortality for this cause especially in poorer areas.
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Abstract The aim of this study was to analyze

Abstract The aim of this study was to analyze

The predictors in the present study were com- ponents of time spent in sedentary behavior, in- cluding television viewing, playing video games, using the computer and non-screen activities (talking to friends, playing cards or dominoes, talking on the phone, driving, or as a passenger, reading or studying). The mean time spent in each of these behaviors (in a typical week) was asked separately for weekdays and weekends, assigning weight 5 to weekdays and weight 2 to weekends and dividing the result by 7 to obtain the mean time in minutes per day 14 . Screen entertainment
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Abstract The objective of this study was to analy-

Abstract The objective of this study was to analy-

assesses the global, objective and subjective bur- den, based on independent scores. Elements of the individual’s family life are assessed separate- ly, enabling the assessor to identify the areas of greatest and least burden sustained by the family member in their role as caregiver. The level of burden is thus evaluated across five elements of the caregiver’s life: A) care in the patient’s daily life; B) supervision of the patient’s problematic behaviors; C) financial onus borne by the fami- ly member due to the patient; D) impact on the family’s daily routine; and E) family member’s concerns with the patient. The questions for each one of the elements relates to the 30 days prior to the application of the scale. Objective burden is analyzed in relation to the frequency of care provided to the patient and includes subscales A, B and D. Subjective burden evaluated the level of inconvenience felt by the family member and re- lates to subscales A, B and E.
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Abstract The objective of this study was to rese-

Abstract The objective of this study was to rese-

The sample was mainly made up of women (89%), of whom 58.9% were aged over 35. The majority of workers had completed their second- ary or technical education (78.5%). 79.8% of re- spondents identified as white, while 70.6% were Catholic and 77.9% had a partner. More than half of the workers (54.0%) lived in a different neigh- borhood to the one in which the Health Unit was located; 52.1% lived with their spouses and 20.9% with their parents. The majority of pro- fessionals held positions in healthcare (69.9%), while the remainder worked in administration or in support services. All respondents had direct contact with service users. 94.5% of respondents earned up to a maximum of five times the min- imum salary, with 71.1% holding their current position for at least a year, with 97.5% carrying out their services in urban areas. A total of 38 health professionals were smokers (23.3%) and 43 (26.4%) consumed alcohol (Table 1).
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Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the socio-

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the socio-

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the socio- economic and demographic factors, behaviors and morbidities related to common mental disorders in adult women. This was a cross-sectional pop- ulation-based study with cluster sample. We an- alyzed 848 women from a household survey held in Campinas, in 2008/2009. We used the Self-Re- porting Questionnaire (SRQ-20) to evaluate com- mon mental disorders. We estimated prevalence ratios by Poisson regression in hierarchical model of three steps, considering the weights relating to the sampling design. The prevalence of common mental disorders was 18.7%. The hierarchical model showed that older women, with low educa- tion level, housewives, separated or widowed, who did not consume fruit/vegetables daily, who slept six or fewer hours per night, who presented sever- al chronic diseases and health problems, and with report of some type of violence were more vulner- able to common mental disorders and, therefore, should be treated with priority by health services. Early diagnosing women with common mental disorders, as well as accompanying and treating them, contribute for reducing the impacts on fe- male quality of life.
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Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the

Although a number of studies have explored aspects related to risky sexual behavior and drug use, the literature on other psychosocial prob- lems and mental health, which are particularly relevant given not only their increase and severi- ty, but also their close relationship with the above problems, is scarce. It is therefore necessary to gain a deeper understanding of these aspects in order to inform the development of effective pre- vention and health promotion efforts.

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Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze

Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze

Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é avaliar a quali- dade de vida no trabalho de fisioterapeutas docen- tes de cursos de fisioterapia no município de Goiâ- nia-GO. Trata-se de um estudo transversal com 65 docentes. Foram incluídos fisioterapeutas docentes do curso de fisioterapia no município de Goiânia. Foram excluídos aqueles que estavam afastados, com menos de seis meses de atividade e que res- ponderam os questionários de forma incompleta. Utilizou-se um questionário sociodemográfico e o Total Quality of Work Life (TQWL-42) para avaliação da qualidade de vida no trabalho. Veri- ficou-se que os docentes que atuavam em pós-gra- duação, ou exerciam cargo de chefia apresentaram médias significativamente melhores que aqueles que atuavam apenas na graduação. A satisfação com a renda e com a atividade docente também apresentou resultados significativos, influencian- do a qualidade de vida no trabalho dos partici- pantes. A atuação em cargos e locais que permitem maior autonomia, posição social e remuneração, assim como a avaliação subjetiva da satisfação com a renda e com a atuação na docência, in- fluenciaram a qualidade de vida no trabalho dos fisioterapeutas docentes.
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Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze

Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze

the evolution of the profile of psychiatric admis- sions via the Unified Health System in psychiat- ric hospitals of the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil, between 2001 and 2013. Data were obtained from the Information Technology Department of the Unified Health System. The analyses of trends were conducted by regression procedures, in which the independent variable was the year, and the dependent variables were the patients (sex, age, diagnosis) and admission characteris- tics (city, hospital administrative status, length of internment). A total of 202,188 admissions to 25 hospitals were appraised. There were significant changes in the diagnostic profiles of psychiatric admissions during the period under scrutiny, no- tably an increase in the proportion of admissions for substance abuse-related disorders and a reduc- tion for psychotic disorders. This study is in tune with the context of the reform of mental health- care in Minas Gerais, providing relevant input to support the mental health policies towards uni- versalization, humanization and the overcoming of inequalities in access to health services.
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Abstract The scope of this article is to describe

Abstract The scope of this article is to describe

pesquisados é representativa de alunos de esco- las públicas e privadas das 27 capitais brasileiras. Foram selecionadas amostras independentes de escolas públicas e privadas a partir da lista do INEP (Instituto Nacional de Estudos e Pesquisas Educacionais Anísio Teixeira), onde constam to- das as escolas do Brasil. Para cada tipo de escola (pública e privada), foram criados três estratos: escolas com ensino médio e fundamental, escolas apenas com ensino médio e escolas apenas com ensino fundamental. O número de escolas sorte- adas em cada estrato foi proporcional ao número de alunos dos estratos. Após o sorteio das turmas participantes, todos os alunos da classe foram convidados a participar da pesquisa.
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Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze

Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze

Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze the accreditation criteria of the studies that eval- uated actions of health promotion and risk factor prevention of Health Promoting Schools (HPS). A systematic review was conducted based on the recommendations proposed in the “Preferred Re- porting Items for Systematic Reviews and Me- ta-Analyses (Prisma)” protocol of articles that assessed HPS in the following databases: SciELO, Lilacs, Medline, PubMed and Portal Capes. From the analysis of the three pillars for accreditation of HPS, three of the studies analyzed did not in- clude all the criteria for certification as HPS on the “Planning Process” and “Health Promotion Activities Developed” pillars. The schools cited in these studies perform health education, preven- tion and/or health promotion activities, howev- er, it is misleading to refer to themselves as HPS. The main challenges for implementation, devel- opment and continuity of HPS were identified as being intersectionality and insufficient financial and qualified human resources. HPS need to be certified and submitted to an ongoing evaluation process. It is also suggested the topic of health pro- motion be included in the syllabuses of training courses of health education teachers and other health education professionals.
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Abstract The scope of this article is to investi-

Abstract The scope of this article is to investi-

deste estudo. O fato de os cardápios do PNAE serem elaborados por nutricionistas, conforme os preceitos de uma alimentação saudável, deve- ria colaborar para uma associação significativa com o consumo de alimentos protetores, resul- tado que não foi encontrado. Vale destacar que o consumo de alimentos da escola foi avaliado por meio de apenas um Recordatório de 24 horas, o que pode ter colaborado para não se encontrar associação entre as variáveis. Uma pesquisa com 2.314 escolares dos Estados Unidos da América aponta que consumidores do School Lunch Pro- gram (SLP) e do School Breakfast Program (SBP) apresentam melhor perfil dietético na escola. De acordo com os autores, escolares usuários do SLP consomem mais leite, frutas, sucos naturais e menos sobremesas e snacks (p < 0,01), enquan- to usuários do SBP ingerem mais leite, frutas e
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Abstract The scope of this article is to describe

Abstract The scope of this article is to describe

Uma das principais limitações deste estudo refere-se à não quantificação da ingestão dos ali- mentos referidos. A aplicação de um questioná- rio de frequência alimentar que quantificasse os alimentos consumidos pela população estudada seria o mais apropriado para inferir nas inges- tões atuais dos adolescentes e compará-las com as recomendações para o sexo e idade. No entan- to, como o objetivo era descrever alguns hábitos alimentares e as possíveis diferenças entre qui- lombolas e não quilombolas, não foram utiliza- das ferramentas para estimar valores precisos de ingestão dos alimentos.
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Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of being underweight among the elder- ly according to demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, health-related behaviors, diseas- es and health status. This was a cross-sectional multi-center study with 3,478 community-dwell- ing elders (≥ 65 years). The dependent variable was the prevalence of being underweight, classified by Body Mass Index < 22kg/m2. Adjusted preva- lence rate ratios were estimated using multivari- able Poisson regression. The mean age was 72.9 years and 12.0% of the elderly were underweight (CI95%:10.9-13.1). Aged elderly ≥ 80 years, for- mer and current smokers, those who reported ap- petite loss and those classified as pre-frail or frail (PR=1.41; CI95%:1.09-1.82) presented a higher prevalence of being underweight. Individuals who received medical diagnosis of hypertension, diabe- tes and rheumatism had the lowest underweight prevalence observed. The results highlight the importance of nutritional status assessment and monitoring among the elderly, with emphasis on the most vulnerable subgroups, particularly the frail elderly, taking into account the health conse- quences of low weight.
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Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the

Del total de participantes, el 93.3% proviene de instituciones públicas de educación media y el resto de instituciones privadas. El promedio en el último periodo cursado fue de 8.26, con una desviación estándar de .72. Casi la mitad de ellos (50.5%) son originarios de la capital del estado de Chiapas, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, mientras que el res- to provienen de otras ciudades y localidades de la entidad o bien de estados vecinos del sur de México como Oaxaca, Veracruz, Tabasco y Puebla. El recuento de casos con presencia o no de ideación suicida, sintomatología depresiva, nivel de impulsividad y autoestima, indica que poco más de la mitad de los aspirantes, 2,437 (51.2%), presentaron al menos una de las cuatro problemá- ticas evaluadas. En particular, 369 casos (7.3%) mostraron evidencia de presencia de ideación sui- cida, 633 (13.3%) sintomatología depresiva eleva- da, 2,020 (42.4%) baja autoestima y 262 (5.5%) alta impulsividad. Es evidente que la problemática con mayor prevalencia es la baja autoestima.
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Abstract This study was aimed to compare the

Abstract This study was aimed to compare the

11. Mari JJ, Williams P. A validity study of a psychiatric screening questionnaire (SRQ-20) in primary care in the city of São Paulo. Bras J Psychiatry 1986; 148:23-26. 12. Pereira RA, Santos EB, Fhon JRS, Marques S, Rodrigues RA. Sobrecarga dos cuidadores de idosos com acidente vascular cerebral. Rev Esc Enferm USP [Online]. 2013 [acessado 2014 Nov 05]; 47(1):185-192. Disponível em: 13. Loureiro LSN, Fernandes MGM, Marques S, Nóbrega MML, Rodrigues RAP. Sobrecarga de cuidadores fami- liares de idosos: prevalência e associação com carac- terísticas do idoso e do cuidador. Rev Esc Enferm USP [Online]. 2013 [acessado 2014 Nov 05]; 47 (5):1133- 1140. Disponível em: http://www.scielo.br/pdf/reeusp/ v47n5/pt_0080-6234-reeusp-47-05-1129.pdf
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Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the socio-

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the socio-

• Demographic and socioeconomic vari- ables: age bracket (18 to 29; 30 to 49, and 50 to 64); self-reported skin color/race (white, black, and brown. We excluded yellow skin color/race because of the low number of women, n = 4); religion (Catholic, Protestant, without religion, and others); education level (in years of study and categorized into: 0 to 8, 9 to 12, and 13 or more years); occupation (paid workers, unem- ployed, retired, housewives, and students. We classified as paid workers the women who de- clared exercising a paid activity, even if at the time of research they were temporarily away due to illness or retirement but continued working being paid; as unemployed those who were not working, but declared to be looking for a job; as retired those who no longer were paid workers and who received the salary of social security or pension plan; as housewives those who did not practice any remunerated activity and declared to be housewives; and as students those who ex- ercised no remunerated activity and only dedi- cated themselves to studies); per capita monthly family income (calculated as times the monthly minimum wages (MW) and categorized into: ≥
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