women across the country in 1989, named vio- lence as a core concern and this policy and pro- gram focus on violence against women remains. At a federal level, this first meant funds for state provision of refuges anddomesticviolence ser- vices, including in some states, outreach workers who can supportand counsel women in their homes until they are ready to leave. It has also meant funds for a welfare benefit – (e.g. sole par- ent’s pension) which allows income for women if they choose to leave, priority rehousing in public accommodation and some legal aid. More re- cently, funds have also been allocated to support a national men’s telephone advice line and ac- credited male behaviour change groups (BCG) Country,
RESULTS: Of the women who had suffered domesticviolence, 57.6% had talked to someone about it, 3.5% had sought help from an ofﬁ cial service or a person in position of authority, 17.3% had talked to someone and sought help from an ofﬁ cial service, and 21.6% had not sought any help. Those people whose support was most frequently sought were parents (42%), a friend (31.6%) and brother / sister (21.2%). The services most frequently sought by the women were: police (57.6%), healthcare (27.1%) and religious institutions (25.4%). Of the women, 44.8% reported not having received any type of assistance; 32.1% reported having left home, for at least one night, at some point in their lives. Of these, only 5.9% reported that they did not return home. The reasons for leaving the home included the exacerbation of violenceand the fear of being killed. Reasons for returning home: the hope that the partner would change and the desire to preserve the family.
This is a qualitative study that aimed to know and analyze the social representations of social workers regarding the assistance to the child and adolescent, victims of domesticviolence. The data collection was carried out through semi-structured interviews and participant observation. The data analysis was based on the hermeneutic-dialectic perspective. The empirical categories that emerged from the subjects’ representations were: “lack of policy”, “do not support because have not received support”, and “social assistance” whereas the political economic aspect was highlighted as determinant of violence; the cultural aspects, perpetuating a cycle of violence in the families. An important step must be taken is the formulation of public policies directed to all children and adolescents and not policies of exception, directed only to those who are in situation of “social and personal risk”.
Thus, more studies on the subject are neces- sary so that healthcare providers have a holistic and empathetic view. This view allows for under- standing experiences and problems lived, which may be present and appear veiled or not in the everyday healthcare routine. It is worth noting the limitations of the study because, although covering the experiences of women victims of domestic vio- lence, this is not an absolute reality for all of those who are living with violence. The unpredictability of the course of violence can bring other charges and conlicts, which should be considered and evaluated by healthcare professionals when assist- ing women victims and their families, in directing the actions to be implemented andsupport to overcome the situation and restructure the family.
Abstract. The profile of women having suffered domesticviolence is presented. It is based on a study made on 297 women who receive social care from the Valencia Council. 37,3% of the women in this group has suffered domesticviolence. The profile of these women, compared with the ones belonging to the same group who don’t suffer domesticviolence, is characterized by the following features: non-gypsy ethnic group, one-parent familiar struc- ture, marital status separated, several previous sentimental relationships, and psychological problems. In other features which characterize the women receiving social care, like stu- dies level, labour situation, familiar and non-familiar support, no significant differences where appreciated. Based on the present information’s, advise on prevention and communi- ty intervention is considered.
her network, as these are bonds the partner considered unwanted. When she decides to denounce the violence, however, she puts in motion network members who can offer her some kind of help to experience this process. Punctually, in this decision to seek help, the woman puts the secondary network in motion, although the approach of this network is speciic and isolated in each institution, such as the health sector with a focus on the physical injury that damaged her health, the legal sector offering support to protect and/or maintain the guardianship of the children and, from the inancial perspective, to share the material goods the couple holds in common. The limitation of the secondary social network is contextualized to the development of an articulated network activity, indicating the woman’s pilgrimage in searching, often solitarily, help/support in institutions that should theoretically work across sectors, in view of the complexity of the theme violence.
Surely it is also necessary to know the staff on the agencies working in the supportnetwork to violence against the elderly, knowing the role of each of them, which would facilitate referrals. The respondents reported performing referrals to CREAS and CRAS, but it was noticed that after the cases referred to staff often does not take more science of actions taken, exempting from the monitoring of cases. Discuss this topic clearly and enlightening, among the various sectors related to health and social services, and the development of a protocol of care could help in decision-making and disease prevention health of the elderly.
The main goal of this dissertation is to study the impact of the European Union (EU) membership on portuguese women's rights. With this objective in mind, Europeanization is used as analytical approach in order to understand how Portugal reacts to the several EU requirements and inputs on the topic. Additionally, the intention would be to focus on the issue of domesticviolence, as according to the statistics of the Portuguese Association of Victim Support (Associação Portuguesa de Apoio à Vítima - APAV) and the European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE), it is widespread throughout Europe, and it affects women from every background, ethnicity, and religion. Violence towards women is a violation of fundamental human rights, as well as being an obstacle to the enjoyment of a safe citizenship. In order to analyze the influence of the EU in Portugal trough this perspective and theoretical framework, the first step will be to conceptualize Europeanization, and identify a suitable definition for my analysis, as the concept has suffered a few changes over time. I hope to fill a gap in the academic debate on this topic in Portugal, as women's rights anddomesticviolence are not often seen through this lens, especially when in comparison to other member states or with the European Union itself. Additionally, as women's rights have not always been seen as a priority - and in many places of the world it is still a taboo subject - it is crucial to discuss such a topic in order to demystify it.
Asking about abuse should be done in a fl exible fashion—the particular questions used should respond to the circumstances of the consultation. For example, it is appropriate to ask women about domesticviolence as part of a health check in a Well Woman Clinic, but it would be completely inappropriate in a consultation where another adult or a child was present. By being fl exible, health professionals can integrate their questioning within a variety of different encounters. Integrating questions about abuse into routine encounters provides for the maintenance of confi dentiality and safety. In order to do this, health professionals require training on raising the issue and knowledge about local advice andsupport services.
This qualitative study assesses how women, in situations of domesticviolenceand examined at the Institute of Forensic Medicine, deal with this adversity and identifies protection strategies to cope with it, considering the support required and obtained from their relational and institutional environments. Ten women were interviewed and the data were analyzed using thematic content analysis. Search for help primarily occurs in the women’s social milieu, with family and friends and health and legal services being sought. In such a quest, established bonds may either become an obstacle to coping and make these women vulnerable to violence or protect and strengthen them during coping. In the identification of these women’s social and health needs, the aggravating circumstances of violence are only superficially addressed by professionals. New strategies to implement professional actions should be devised in order to provide integral and humanized care.
When studying the intensity of the social network, exchange relationships between women andnetwork elements are indicated. The women participants had better exchange relationships of support with the secondary network. In the primary network, only their sons, daughters-in-law, sons- in-law and friends showed a strong bond, where they had emotional and material support. In the secondary social network, women have declared strong bonds with institutions of education, health, security, justice and social assistance, which have assisted them with availability and referrals to ser- vices or guidelines for escaping the cycle of violence. The indicator of proximity and distance also reveals particularities and relections on the social network of women. They had a degree of intimacy revealing closeness to their children, protecting them from violence, and familiarity with some sib- lings, from whom they asked for help in the face of violence. Some conditions of reservation were left to the parents, for whom, many times, they did not want to reveal the problem of the violence, avoid- ing bothering them, which worsened the social isolation of the deponents. Conlicting bonds were evident in the relationship of the woman with the aggressor partner.
Objective: to analyze the representations about domesticviolence against women, among health professionals of Family Health Units. Method: qualitative study based on the Theory of Social Representations. Data were collected by means of evocations and interviews, treating them in the Ensemble de Programmes Pemettant L’Analyse des Evocations software - EVOC and content analysis. Results: nurses, physicians, nursing technicians and community health agents participated. The evocations were answered by 201 professionals and, of these, 64 were interviewed. The central core of this representation, comprised by the terms “aggression”, “physical-aggression”, “cowardice” and “lack of respect”, which have negative connotations and were cited by interviewees. In the contrast zone, comprised by the terms “abuse”, “abuse-power”, “pain”, “humiliation”, “impunity”, “suffering”, “sadness” and “violence”, two subgroups were identified. The first periphery contains the terms “fear”, evoked most often, followed by “revolt”, “low self-esteem” and “submission”, and in the second periphery “acceptance” and “professional support”. Conclusion: this is a structured representation since it contains conceptual, imagetic and attitudinal elements. The subgroups were comprised by professionals working in the rural area and by those who had completed their professional training course in or after 2004. These presented a representation of violence different from the representation of the general group, although all demonstrated a negative connotation of this phenomenon.
Abstract: This study is about the role of the Centro de Referência da Mulher Ednalva Bezerra (CRMEB), a public policy of the Extraordinary Secretary of Public Policies for Women, from the Municipal Government of João Pessoa, as a specialized and supporting service in the process of access and use of information by women in a state of domesticviolence. The objective of this poster is to present the services offered by CRMEB as an empowerment dispositive of women who are victims of domesticviolence, through the register of memory, access and use of information by users. The
Objectives: Identify the factors for the occurrence of domesticviolence against children and its biopsicosocial and to give subsidy to think about nurse´s limits and challenges in the situation. Method: It is a bibliographic exploratory research, with qualitative approach. The literature review was performed in BDENF 2003 to 2007. The final sample had based on 14 publications selected and were analysed based upon Content Analysis. Results: After Content Analysis, three categories emerged: The dichotomy: domesticviolenceand healthy family environment; Disease in children: psychosocial consequences for development and; Vocational training: the unpreparedness of the theoretical and practical nurse, face to domesticviolence against children. Conclusions: The nurse inserted in the multidisciplinary team should be sensitive, to be able to listening and understanding, works with prevention focus, identification and notification of cases, victims´s treatment and protection. In this sense, it is important to take care of a human being in any situation, showing how important is to take care for a human being in any situation, specially in a unbalanced one. Descriptors: Domesticviolence, Child, Nursing.
were established. Inclusion criteria were studies with fam- ily caregivers of dependent patients in the household, the caregiver being older than 18 years, and in which the study objective was to identify the needs of caregivers. Exclusion criteria were review articles, studies whose theme was cen- tered on family caregivers who were less than 18 years of age and studies with institutionalized care. Bibliographic research was carried out between September and December 2015. Articles published between January 2010 and December 2015 were selected using English, Spanish and Portuguese as languages. To this end, the research was con- ducted in available health databases, namely EBSCO and SCOPUS, through the following descriptors and Boolean: (Family caregiver OR Parents caregiver) AND (Patient OR Dependent care OR aged) AND (Heath services needs OR Information needs OR Needs) (Figure 1). he research was conducted using the abstract/title of the article and only articles with full texts available were included.
Internal displacement is linked to poor governance. The failure to address the plight of IDPs encourages the continued use of internal displacement as a political tactic – to the obvious detriment of democracy. Failure to address the needs of Kenya’s IDPs means that large parts of the former displacement areas, including areas with some of Kenya’s most fertile land, will remain unstable and unproductive – with obvious implications for food security. They also remain violence- prone and likely to swell the current ranks of IDPs. The numbers of IDPs are increasing as a result of natural growth and new displacements in western Kenya and among pastoralist communities. The problem will not go away and is only poised to get worse.
We recommend you estimate busy hour call volume and use an Erlang calculator to determine busy hour call requirements. This can then be multiplied by the VoIP encoding method to determine busy hour bandwidth requirements. For example, in a building with 100 people, the Telecom department believes that busy hour traffic for this building is 16.66 hours based on a busy hour call volume of 100 calls and average call duration of 10 minutes. You can then perform an Erlang B calculation based on 16.66 hours and a blocking factor of one percent. The blocking factor is then the confidence level that the estimated bandwidth will be sufficient for the voice requirements. The Erlang B calculator (available on their web site—http://www.erlang.com) computes that 26 lines will be needed to support the 99% confidence level. If we multiply 26 times the encapsulation method, we can determine the busy hour traffic volume. Assuming the G.711 encoding is used with 80 Kilobyte packets and constant bi-directional voice traffic, we estimate that two megabits/second will be needed to provide adequate bandwidth. Since voice traffic is generally not constant, this is considered an acceptable estimate of the voice traffic requirement. If the Telecom department cannot provide busy hour traffic volume, you should investigate the voice usage within the building, perhaps even with a visual inspection. This may not be too critical in LAN environments since even constant phone use by 500 users only consumes 40 megabits/second of data bandwidth.
Objective: The study’s purpose has been to understand domesticviolence against women under the perception of Family Health teams. Methods: It is a descriptive study with a qualitative approach, which was performed with 24 professionals from Family Health Units located in a municipality from the Bahia State countryside, Brazil. Data collection took place through semi-structured interviews designed according to the thematic content analysis. Results: Physical and psychological violence were the most common forms of domesticviolence against women, with alcoholism, jealousy and macho culture as triggers for aggression. Gender and power relations were evidenced in the context of violence. Conclusion: Therefore, it is possible to underline the need for training of the Family Health teams in order to identify and adequately handle cases of domesticviolence against women, aiming for comprehensive care.
Objective: To describe the cases of violence against the elderly in the city of Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil. Methods: A descriptive study that analyzed 189 open investigations documents from May 2012 to May 2013, the Department for Assistance to Vulnerable Groups. Results: From the valued investigations in the period, there were 112 investigations (66.3%) related to violence against the elderly. Of these, 70.5% were opened by police reports, predominantly psychological violence (40.2%), at home (96.4%) during the morning (35.7%) and in the northern area of the city, (33.0%). Most were against women (65.2%) aged 60-69 years old (50.9%), retired (73.2%), with primary education (66.1%). The most frequent abusers were their children (54.4%), men (74.1%), with more than 40 years old (50%), unemployed (61.6%), with primary education (62.5%) and using suspicion drug (18.8%) charged in most cases (83.9%). Conclusion: The indings show that violence is associated, due to the overlapping socio-demographic factors and subsidize the need of scientiic knowledge on the subject, and improvement of public policies to ensure quality of life of elderly.