Top PDF Role of Teachers in Quality Enhancement in Higher Education

Role of Teachers in Quality Enhancement in Higher Education

Role of Teachers in Quality Enhancement in Higher Education

Present Scenario of Higher Education in India It has been found that only 10 % of Indian youth go to college. This percentage is 40-50% in developed countries. As per the available reports, two third of the Indian universities are providing sub-standard education while 90 % colleges in India are below average. Today, most of the institutions have become factory of degrees only. Students / teachers are running after attaining or providing degrees and not towards the gaining knowledge and wisdom. Attendance in the institution has dropped drastically and class room teaching is becoming only a ritual, to be followed mechanically. Though, it is said that the destiny of nation is shaped only in the class rooms, very little importance is being given to class room teaching. The overall scenario of higher education in India does not match with the global quality standards. It does not foster the global competencies and even does not make significant contribution to the national development. The present education system does not match with the needs and expectations of the employment sector.
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Academic achievement in public higher education quality – A study on the effects of teachers’ commitment, teaching and evaluation methodologies in Nursing and Management degrees students.

Academic achievement in public higher education quality – A study on the effects of teachers’ commitment, teaching and evaluation methodologies in Nursing and Management degrees students.

maturity and long experience as students (at least 12 years of schooling before), value essentially how teachers lead them to the learning of set as the most important dimension of the three considered of their academic performance. The fact that many students, particularly those who have the status of worker-student can not attend many classes and can opt for the assessment by examination (instead of submitting to the mode of continuous assessment), may justify the minor evaluation methodologies. Moreover, the results show that students do not value highly the importance of the commitment of teachers as a determinant of quality of education provided and therefore the academic performance of students. The relational distance which we believe, still exists among many of the students surveyed and their teachers and the consequent ignorance of the nature of their work may help us explain these results.
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The integration of quality management in higher education

The integration of quality management in higher education

In the context of higher education, customer focus means the concern of universities with customer identification, their needs and expectations. Leadership is related with the role of management bodies of universities, with respect to the definition of the mission, the values and the goals of the universities, the promotion of a quality culture and the promotion of the involvement of people in quality management. The involvement of people is translated into the efforts to involve the people working in universities (academic and non-academic staff and students) in the quality management mechanisms. Process approach has to do with the management of the different missions of universities (teaching and learning, research and scholarship and third mission), as well as of their support processes as processes, i.e., as a set of inter-related activities which turn inputs into outputs. System approach is related with the management of the different processes, units and services of universities in an integrated way. Continuous improvement translates the efforts of universities to continually improve their quality. Factual approach to decision making, as the name suggests, means that decisions in universities are based on the analysis of data and information provided by different sources. Mutually beneficial supplier relationships are translated into the development of relationships with suppliers, or, at a broader sense, and as we understand it for the purposes of this study, with their external stakeholders, such as parents, secondary schools, future employers, local community and the society as a whole, similarly to what is being proposed in the new version of the ISO 9000 family of standards (ISO, 2015) 1 .
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Equity, quality and relevance in higher education in Brazil

Equity, quality and relevance in higher education in Brazil

A society with better educated teachers, ad- ministrators, traders, health care and personal ser- vice providers should be a better place to live than a society without them. A country needs teachers to provide better education to children, and this is an important asset. At the same time, there is no evidence that the expansion of higher education in Brazil is having a direct impact on economic de- velopment. This is not surprising. On the short run, economic growth has more to do with macroe- conomic variables than with the availability of hu- man capital. (Sáinz and La Fuente 2001). On the long run, it seems clear that no sustained and well- balanced economic development can happen with- out an important pool of competent and well edu- cated professionals. However, there is a growing literature arguing that the expansion of higher edu- cation worldwide is more related to life styles and competition for scarce jobs than to functional re- quirements of the job markets (Wolf 2002). In the absence of demands for skills, continuous expansion of higher education may reinforce the tendency to make credentials more important than professional competence. This tendency can be costly to society, and thwart the ability of higher education institu- tions to develop the abilities and skills that could help to break the vicious circle of low economic de- velopment and the shortage well-qualified human capital.
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Entrepreneurship promotion in Mozambique: the role of higher education institutions

Entrepreneurship promotion in Mozambique: the role of higher education institutions

However, in developing countries the business conditions are not favourable because of legal barriers, regulations, insecurity, corruption, inadequate infrastructure and poor financial systems that inhibit the development and growth of many companies (William,2009;Legatum Institute,2011; ECA,2001; Kauffmann,2005; Okpara and Wynn,2007; Valá,2009; Rebecca and Benjamin ,2009 ;Ugwushi, 2009;Robb,et al., 2014; Weimer,2012). Furthermore, the quality of entrepreneurship is viewed as being weak. Entrepreneurship is largely represented by micro- small informal businesses with little or no innovation, which compromises its function as an engine for development. Thus, in these countries, some governments are becoming aware of the need for intervention in the business environment (William,2009; Legatum Institute,2011; Valá,2012; Kauffmann,2005; Lucky et al.,2012; Okpara,and Wynn, 2007 ; Rebecca and Benjamin ,2009; Ugwushi, 2009) and that a key issue is to promote a different kind of entrepreneurship: with skilled entrepreneurs, able to innovate and structure a company and its growth. As mentioned in (Robb,et al., 2014), skilled entrepreneurship offers potential rewards for individuals across the socioeconomic spectrum, including vulnerable populations and workers in the informal sector, for whom entrepreneurship signifies potentially more stable income flows, increased profits and more secure employment. For this reason, educational institutions are increasingly seen as tools for the development of an entrepreneurial culture. Some studies (Herrington and Kelley,2012; Robb,et al., 2014; Landzani and Vuuren,2002; Dinis,et al.,2014) show evidence of the growing sub-Saharan African governments' investments in entrepreneurial education and training.
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QUALITY ASSESSMENT IN HIGHER EDUCATION: ARE RUSSIAN UNIVERSITIES FOCUSED ON THE EDUCATIONAL NEEDS OF STUDENTS?

QUALITY ASSESSMENT IN HIGHER EDUCATION: ARE RUSSIAN UNIVERSITIES FOCUSED ON THE EDUCATIONAL NEEDS OF STUDENTS?

Figure 17 shows the opinion of HSPUR students about the complexity of education in the University. Alarming a large proportion of those who point out the ease of studying at University - it is almost 50% of the responses. According to other data (essay students of 1 course "The University is different from school?"), value judgments were in the nature of a disappointment ("did not expect that it would be so easy, preparing for greater complexity"). It is wrong to cheat such expectations. Of course, this opinion, especially distributed in the environment, reduces the prestige of the University. It is obvious that this should serve as a guide to future action for teachers and administration.
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Teachers’ formation for Higher Education and the diversity in the docence/teaching

Teachers’ formation for Higher Education and the diversity in the docence/teaching

into the academic environments. The teaching is a movement and an action measured by the advanced technologies of the digital communication. It opens new spaces for the new dialogical relations. The teaching, therefore, is not an inactive action, ready, but a process which goes little by little constituting along the professional courses. It is treated as a process of production of relations and interactions that imply values, expectations and interpersonal attitudes. In this way, the dialogical teaching structures in the ethics and aesthetics. By giving emphasis on the dialogical and relational character, the teaching in the higher education shows up the possibility of configuring it. In this perspective, and with the intent of strengthening the comprehension of the dialogue, we ground on the ideas of Freire and Shor as: “[…] the moment in which the human beings are to reflect about their quality such as: do and redo” (1986, p. 123). The dialogue is a democratic communication which seals the relationship among the cognitive subjects. In this sense, the dialogue is the moment in which the teachers, tutors and students change each time more in communicative beings, critically. For the authors, the dialogue is not only a technician, a tactics that we use to make our students friends. By contrast, “[…] the dialogue must be understood as something that is part of the own historic nature of the human beings” (FREIRE; SHOR, 1986, p. 122). f) The tutorial teaching is the individual and collective study
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Writing for publication in business administration: comparing insights from Brazilian and American scholars

Writing for publication in business administration: comparing insights from Brazilian and American scholars

The development of scientific research is among the main assignments of a professor, especially one who acts on higher degree programs as a researcher. The role of the researcher is essential to promote the construction of knowledge in the discipline, the updating of professors through relevant academic discussions, and the transmission of the state of the art to students. The publication in scientific journals with a high impact factor has been widely used as a criterion for evaluating the performance of professors throughout the world. The Journal of Citation Reports (JCR) is an important gauge to measure the impact factor of journals. The JCR “offers a systematic, objective means to critically evaluate the world’s leading journals, with quantifiable, statistical information based on citation data” (Retrieved November 18, 2012, from http://thomsonreuters.com). Brazil seeks its international inclusion in the scientific-academic scene, and in various areas, such as in Business Administration, having the work of North Americans one of its main references (Bertero, Caldas & Wood Jr., 2005; Roesch, 2005; Vergara, 2005). The Brazilian Ministry of Education, via the Capes Foundation (The Coordination for Enhancement of Higher Education Personnel) has encouraged researchers to publish in international journals with a high impact factor, with the understanding that journals with higher than 1 JCR in the Business Administration area represent the highest scientific production levels. This paper examines how Brazilian professors in the field of Business Administration
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O estresse em docentes de ensino superior / Stress in higher education teachers

O estresse em docentes de ensino superior / Stress in higher education teachers

Objective: To analyze stress from the perspective of stressors and physical impact on teachers of a higher education institution in Belo Horizonte. Methodology: A descriptive study conducted with 82 teachers from a university center in Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. A structured questionnaire with questions related to socioeconomic profile, physical impact of stress and possible repercussions on health status was applied. Results: Of the total, most are female (74.4%), married (68.3%) and white (74.4%). Most have a master's degree as an academic degree (60.0%) and work at night (90.2%). Teachers partially agreed with constant headache (36.6%), gastric discomfort and nausea (30.5%), insomnia (30.5%), difficulty concentrating (40.2%), anxiety (42, 7%) and distress (36.6%). Conclusion: The teachers evaluated in this study report stress-related symptoms that negatively impact on quality of life.
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Student Organizations and Their Contribution to Quality Assurance and Enhancement in Higher Education Institutions – Case Study: Romania

Student Organizations and Their Contribution to Quality Assurance and Enhancement in Higher Education Institutions – Case Study: Romania

• Over 90% of the student organizations’ representatives agree that a high quality education is benefi cial for Romania as for each student, yet approximately 15% of the student organizations did not include monitoring the quality of certain aspects of the educational process in their attributions; also 28% of the organizations do not assume the preparation of a report on the compliance of the students rights and regulations and 25% of the organizations didn’t participate in any quality assurance meeting in the academic year 2012-2013; moreover only 3 organizations out of 43 were involved in the academic staff evaluation by the students; furthermore over half of the respondent organizations didn’t organize any seminars on informing the students on the internal regulations of the university or organized only one such seminar in the academic year 2012-2013; the same proportion can be observed on the seminars informing the students representatives on their responsibilities;
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Pedagogical Training of Higher Education Teachers and their Implications in the Teaching

Pedagogical Training of Higher Education Teachers and their Implications in the Teaching

Evaluation is inherent to the human being and is an indispensable component for the analysis of the various processes with which the human being becomes involved. In education, evaluation plays an extremely important role in the teaching-learning process. It is through evaluation that one can gauge the extent to which previously defined objectives have been achieved or not. It is also through this that both the teacher and the student become aware of the real situation in which they find themselves, thus enabling the reformulation of pedagogical practices by the teacher in order to improve students' school performance. It is important to stress that one of the key factors in pupils, evaluation, also makes it possible to reformulate their learning strategies. It is based on this logic that Piletti (2006) understands evaluation as a means to verify to what extent the objectives are being achieved, identifying the students who need individual attention and reformulating the practices with the adoption of procedures that allow them to overcome identified deficiencies.
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en 1517 9702 ep S1678

en 1517 9702 ep S1678

The present work aims to examine the remuneration of basic education teachers in the public and private sectors in the municipality of Campo Grande, the capital of the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. We conducted an exploratory study using the Annual Report on Social Information (RAIS), educational legislation at the federal and municipal levels, and the literature in the area. We note that the period in question was marked by the enactment of the federal law n.11,737/2008 and municipal law n.5,189/2013. The former instituted the National Minimum Wage (PSPN) for the whole country; the latter established the municipal PSPN for teachers’ 20-hour work week. We found that basic education teachers with a secondary education degree obtained higher remuneration rates in private education institutions than in the public municipal system. As for basic education teachers with a higher education degree, most of them were found to be working in the public municipal system, and showed substantially higher remuneration rates than the ones practiced in the private sector. We also found that, although the PSPN law was enacted at municipal level, it still has not been actually implemented. This, in turn, will require important efforts by the municipality and the teaching workforce in order to ensure material conditions of existence. Keywords
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A CRISE DO ENSINO JURÍDICO E O PAPEL DO DOCENTE NO PROCESSO DE TRANSFORMAÇÃO DA REALIDADE SOCIAL  Ramon Rocha Santos, Carlos Pinna De Assis Junior

A CRISE DO ENSINO JURÍDICO E O PAPEL DO DOCENTE NO PROCESSO DE TRANSFORMAÇÃO DA REALIDADE SOCIAL Ramon Rocha Santos, Carlos Pinna De Assis Junior

The present study aims to analyze the crisis of legal education in our country, identifying the main factors that contribute to the worrying situation regards the poor quality of legal and presenting solutions aimed at alleviating this serious problem courses. Beginning with a historical approach, will seek to investigate the current phenomenon-the democratization of education and the proliferation of courses of law in our country, with emphasis on the figure of the teacher as the agent responsible for the current scenario and, while agent transforming social reality.
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An Analysis Of The Difference In Gender Level Of Cassava Production And Access To Land In Abia State Nigeria

An Analysis Of The Difference In Gender Level Of Cassava Production And Access To Land In Abia State Nigeria

From the analysis, it was found that lands were acquired majorly by inheritance and the resultant effect of this is the fragmentation of land during the acquisition and sharing of either family or community lands. The evident of this was seen on the sizes of the land cultivated by both the male and female farmers of which majority of both sexes cultivate a small farm size of 0.1-2.0ha of land with just a few who cultivate a reasonable land size this can also be seen on the number of bag of both garri and fufu produced yearly. However this Land holding in hectares favors more males than females in the study area and females had better production in cassava than male.
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Synthesis Of Arts In Architecture Of Uzbekistan Of The Ancient Period

Synthesis Of Arts In Architecture Of Uzbekistan Of The Ancient Period

for accommodation of bas-relief panels [34]. So, there were no regularities to install the sculptures and "the whole sculpture was seen as one of the kinds of inner decor of the wall" [35, 81p]. According to G.A. Pugachenkova, the tradition of placing the royal statues in separately designated locations began from the era of Kanishka (in Surkh-Kotal the statues were located in inter- columnar spans) and presented a stylistic feature of the monumental art of late antiquity. In the "Hall of Kings" in Toprak-Kala, according to S.P. Tolstov, was a portrait gallery of Khoresm Siyavushids, "huge seated statues depicted the kings and the surrounding statues –their family members, and god-protectors" [36, 109p]. The isolated location of the figures symbolized the coming disintegration of the dynasty. However, it should be noted that "round sculpture, especially of large forms had no such strong roots in Central Asia" [3, 231p], as monumental painting, common even before the Hellenistic conquest. Wall and high relief compositions had dominated, particularly in the design of Buddhist monuments (stupas).
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PERCEIVED QUALITY IN HIGHER EDUCATION SERVICE IN BRAZIL: THE IMPORTANCE OF PHYSICAL EVIDENCE

PERCEIVED QUALITY IN HIGHER EDUCATION SERVICE IN BRAZIL: THE IMPORTANCE OF PHYSICAL EVIDENCE

The private sector takes the biggest stake in the Brazilian education, with around 3,4 million students enrolled in more than two thousand institutions throughout the country (MEC-INEP, 2007). This big market faces the dilemma of having its demand concentrated in the lower income classes. That requests from the private HEI the development of services, within the current legislation, that attract such classes. To evaluate clients` perceptions towards services has become fundamental to the management board. Through performance evaluation and its interpretation, the organizations can make not only strategic but also operational decisions through the clients` perspectives, influencing quality and satisfaction levels from the services.
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Regulation and quality assurance in higher education: a category of historical analysis

Regulation and quality assurance in higher education: a category of historical analysis

Fonte: RIACES. Rede Ibero-americana para a Acreditação da Qualidade da Educação Superior. Disponível em: <http://www.riaces.org>. Pela retrospectiva realizada, verificou-se que há [r]

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The role of ratings in the educational process of higher education institutions

The role of ratings in the educational process of higher education institutions

In the article investigated the role of the rating system in the educational process of higher education and the problems of its use. Certain basic principles for the implementation of credit-modular system in high school. A comparative analysis of approaches to the rating methodology of control of student performance at the Sumy State University and the Higher School of Economics.

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Higher Education in Europe

Higher Education in Europe

In Portugal, according to the Decree-Law 183/96 and Law 113/97, public HEIs are required to submit a Development Plan that is, essentially, a rudimentary framework for a strategic plan. The guidelines, or VADEMECUM, for the development of this document are clear and constructive. Amaral, as reported in Politécnica do Instituto Politécnico de Leiria in an article summarizing the seminar on “Development and Quality of Higher Education- Rethinking Higher Education” (2002), indicated that to his knowledge development plans done as requested and following the guidelines of the VADEMECUM and presented to the Ministry have so far produced no results at all. Later evidence obtained from HEIs in the course of our earlier research (Machado, Taylor & Farhangmehr, 2004a,b; Machado, et .al, 2005) would suggest these guidelines are not always being properly adhered to. Perhaps more importantly, the Ministry is ignoring these procedural transgressions, and inappropriate submissions are being accepted without comment. Personal communication with senior leaders of HEIs suggests these documents are not given serious consideration, if read at all, and nothing of importance results from their submission. Furthermore, there is no such law concerning private higher education institutions.
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MODELS FOR QUALITY SYSTEM AND BUSINESS EXCELLENCE IMPLEMENTATION IN HIGHER EDUCATION

MODELS FOR QUALITY SYSTEM AND BUSINESS EXCELLENCE IMPLEMENTATION IN HIGHER EDUCATION

We are the witnesses of higher education intuitions increase. This increase creates environment with advantages and disadvantages. It is clear that high number of educational institutions increases the percentage of educated population, but also it impact on economic and culture development. On the other hand, there is a danger of non- quality “university product” or graduated students. Now, after radical changes of our educational system at universities, we can speak about results, quality or non-quality output of our higher educational system. We can also speak about mark scaling, explanation of Gausov’s division, student rating system and other newness that impact on final product quality. Those and other newness in higher education in Montenegro, bring significant changes of teaching staff. Firstly, the teaching staff passes from absolute authority in one completely different, more flexible period, when they have to change from certain barriers between professor and student to completely open space information flow that act on return.
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