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Dement. neuropsychol. vol.10 número1


Academic year: 2018

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1 Dement Neuropsychol 2016 March;10(1):1

Nitrini In the March 2016 issue


In the March 2016 issue

In this issue we are publishing one review, eight orig-inal papers, one history note and one case report.

Rimkus et al. reviewed the association between cog-nitive impairment in multiple sclerosis (MS) and mag-netic resonance imaging (MRI), demonstrating that a more comprehensive MRI approach is needed to better understand the relationship between both white and gray matter disease and cognitive decline in MS.

Pinto et al. used the Phototest, a brief cognitive test, to investigate the presence of cognitive impairment in MS patients. his study revealed the high accuracy of the Phototest, which represents an option for neuro-cognitive screening in MS.

Beckert et al. investigated the inluence of depression on the performance of low-educated elderly in Adden-brooke’s cognitive examination-revised (ACE-R) Test. In this prospective case-control study, depressive symp-toms had no inluence on ACE-R test scores.

Steibel et al. evaluated the inluence of aging and education on the performance of Brazilian elderly in the Rivermead Behavioral Memory Test (RBMT), an ecolog-ical test simulating simple everyday activities. Both age and level of education were found to have a signiicant impact on test performance.

Beber and Chaves analyzed whether the performance of Brazilian elderly on the verb luency test was inenced by previous administration of other verbal lu-ency tests. he authors observed no efect of previous test administration but noted a strong inluence of edu-cational level on verb luency test scores.

Jacinto et al. evaluated the knowledge and attitudes of medical residents in relation to dementia in a univer-sity-hospital using a questionnaire. Medical residents

held poor knowledge about epidemiology of dementia, but adequate attitudes concerning disease management and diagnosis.

Souza et al. evaluated three screening tools for the detection of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND): the International HIV-Dementia Scale (IHDS), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and a self-per-ception questionnaire. here was low accordance among these screening tools in this sample.

Costa-Silva et al. investigated the cognitive perfor-mance of adolescents with migraine using standard-ized neuropsychological tests. Cognitive dysfunctions were common in adolescents with migraine and these dysfunctions proved similar to those described in adults with migraine.

De Paula et al. investigated the utility of a “simpli-ied” version of the Taylor complex igure test (TCFT) for the assessment of older adults with low educational background and provided preliminary evidence of its psychometric properties.

Engelhardt reviewed the irst descriptions of the hippocampus in this historical note. Arantius, a pupil of Vesalius, was the irst to describe the structure, for which he also provided the name hippocampus. Duver-noy was the irst to depict this structure in a publication.

Soares-Neto et al. reported a case of limbic encepha-litis in a patient with lymphoma who manifested Delu-sional Misidentiication Syndrome as one of the most signiicant behavioral changes.

Ricardo Nitrini



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