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einstein. 2014;12(3):384-5

Facial swelling in newborn

Tumefacção facial em recém-nascido

Fabiana Fortunato1, Irina Carvalheiro1, Cristina Novais1, Raquel Carreira1, Nádia Brito1

1 Centro Hospitalar Oeste Norte, Caldas da Rainha, Portugal.

Corresponding author: Fabiana Fortunato − Rua Manuel Mafra, 50, 1O esq – Zip code: 2500-825 − Caldas da Rainha, Portugal − Phone: 00351916202075 − E-mail: fabby_fortunato@hotmail.com

Received on: Jan 10, 2013 – Accepted on: Dec 2, 2013 DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082014AI2606

A 22-day-old male infant, the first child of non-consanguineous parents, who was delivered from a followed-up and normal pregnancy, and without alterations in analytical and echographic evaluation. He was born by cesarean section at 39 weeks, because the labor failed to progress, with Apgar score of 9 at 1 minute and of 10 at 5 minute, weighting 3,240g at birth without intercurrences in the neonatal period. The newborn was exclusively breastfed with adequate weight gain (with 22 days of life he weighed 3,650g).

The infant was admitted to the urgency service with mild fever, swelling, preauricular flushing and effacement of the mandibular angle with 1 day of evolution (Figure 1). At examination we detected a purulent exudate exiting Stensen’s duct (Figure 2).

Figure 1. Swelling and left preauricular flushing Figure 2. Purulent drainage from Stensen’s duct

Laboratory tests revealed: leukocytes 17,000/mm3 with 68% neutrophils and C-reactive protein 1.3mg/L. In microbiologic exam of the exudate exiting Stensen’s duct revealed the methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus. At hospital admission the newborn began the treatment with intravenous flucloxacillin and gentamicina and after discharge he completed treatment with oral flucloxacilin (after antibiogram). The infant evolved without complications and was discharged in good clinical condition.

This report showed the typical manifestations of a rare disease in newborn, the acute neonatal suppurative

parotitis.(1-4) The etiopathogeny of acute neonatal

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385

Facial swelling in newborn

einstein. 2014;12(3):384-5 prematurity, dehydration, and duct stasis,(1,2) which were

not found in our case. This infection often affects male gender and could be bilateral.(1-2) Purulent drainage from Stensen’s duct is pathognomonic of this condition.(3) The most common etiologic agent found is the Staphylococcus aureus.(3) The infection has a good prognosis, rare recurrence(1-4) and complications (facial plasy, fistula, mediastinitis and extension to external auditory canal).

REFERENCES

1. Sabatino G, Verrotti A, De Martino M, Fusilli P, Pallota R, Chiarelli F. Neonatal suppurativeparotitis: A study of five cases. Eur J Pediatr. 1999;158(4):312-4. 2. Curiel JA, Rio PG, Val CP, Conde AA, Lavín AC. Parotiditis aguda supurativa

neonatal. An Pediatr (Barc). 2004;60(3):274-7.

3. Akgun C, Peker E, Akbayram S, Dogan M, Tuncer O, Kirimi E. A 3- day-old boy with a right preauricular swelling. Eur J Pediatric. 2010;169(5):637-8. 4. Managoli S, Puspha C. Suppurative parotitis in a neonate. Indian Pediatr.

Imagem

Figure 1. Swelling and left preauricular flushing Figure 2. Purulent drainage from Stensen’s duct

Referências

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