Qualitative methods

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Abstracts, Oral Presentations for Qualitative Methods Conference, May 2016

Abstracts, Oral Presentations for Qualitative Methods Conference, May 2016

Background: Governments around the world are increasingly emphasising the need for health policy decisions to be informed by research evidence. Similarly, evidence-based practice is an interdisciplinary approach to clinical practice that has been gaining ground since the early 1990s in which clinical decisions are based on the best available evidence with practitioner expert involvement. However, empirical studies continue to highlight gaps between policy, practice, and the available evidence. One barrier often highlighted is the existence of communicative gaps between academics and decision makers, suggesting that people find it difficult to assess the credibility of research evidence so often rely on a host of nonacademic sources to shape their ideas on policy debates and decisions as a result. In this respect, professionals find common ground with public consumers of evidence who also often report challenges in interpreting the credibility of the growing expanse of academic research they read and hear about in the popular press. Objective: The aim of this study is to help bridge the communicative gap between academics and evidence users by developing an online intervention which explains scientific concepts and processes, so that a person can ask, find, or determine answers to questions about research evidence and draw conclusions about the validity of research studies. Methods: The ‘‘Understanding Health Research’’ tool was developed in three stages. Firstly, a scop- ing phase was conducted in which a literature review of the currently available tools for appraising research was carried out, followed by 17 interviews and three workshops with a wide range of organisations and people who regularly pro- duce, use, or assess health research as part of their job. The second phase was concerned with developing and building the tool with a web designer and population health scientist, and we are currently in the third stage in which we are testing the tool with a wide range of users. The tool is due to be launched later in 2016.
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Abstracts, Poster Presentations for Qualitative Methods Conference, May 2016

Abstracts, Poster Presentations for Qualitative Methods Conference, May 2016

The emergence of the field of childhood studies in recent decades provides a powerful example of how cross- disciplinary research collaborations can fruitfully challenge dominant, monodisciplinary discourses. This article examines the ethical issues that arose in a qualitative study that explored the perspectives of 22 high-profile researchers, closely involved in the framing of this new field. Employing ‘‘elite’’ qualitative interviews, participants reflected upon how their personal, professional, and disciplinary biographies had influ- enced and shaped their approaches to children’s research. The findings were presented as interview conversations, so that the informal nature of the interview discussions was preserved for the reader. The aim was to break with standard academic con- ventions and produce rich, reflective, and less sanitized accounts of research. A collaborative and trusting research relationship was essential for participants to feel comfortable and be willing to talk openly. Academic reputations and cred- ibility were potentially at stake. Careful attention to ethics centred on issues of data ownership, anonymity, confidential- ity, editing of transcripts, use of quotations, and ‘‘member checking.’’ The interviews revealed significant disagreements between participants, requiring a sound grasp of multidisciplin- ary perspectives and skilful interviewing techniques. Qualita- tive interviews with academic elites potentially offer the best thinking available on the past, present, and future of a field. They shed light on topics in ways that traditional published academic work cannot. Their success depends upon trust and collaboration between the researcher and the researched and a carefully negotiated and transparent approach to ethical issues.
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Material and Methods: Quantitative and qualitative methods were used; literature review (17 articles), focal group (nine experts),

Material and Methods: Quantitative and qualitative methods were used; literature review (17 articles), focal group (nine experts),

Sabendo que a missão dos ACES é garantir a presta- ção de cuidados de saúde primários à população de uma área geográfica determinada, definiram-se critérios de es- tratificação/aleatori[r]

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The impact of emotional intelligence on faculty members' knowledge sharing behaviors

The impact of emotional intelligence on faculty members' knowledge sharing behaviors

The criteria for choosing a method are based on the nature of the research, its environment, possible limitations and underlying paradigm (Danaiee & Mozaffari, 2008). The subject of the research is to identify the knowledge sharing behavior dimension and components of faculty members and examining the effect of emotional intelligence. So, in the first phase, qualitative methods were used to identify the dimensions and components of knowledge sharing behavior and in the next step, quantitative methods were used to investigate the impact of emotional intelligence on knowledge sharing behavior. Hence, the mixed method was used in this study (Creswell & Clark, 2007).
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Deliable 6 EUGENE Project

Deliable 6 EUGENE Project

If we want to combine these, we can see that the difference of statistical analysis and explorative analysis is not highly significant and these could be merged, whereas it is important to have separate category for plain descriptive statistics. In qualitative research we can use a matching that interpretive classification (i.e., content analysis) and such qualitative methods, which have a clearly described analysis process are summarized as qualitative enhanced, whereas those papers which claim to have analysed qualitative data but do not give any clear enough process, are qualitative simple. However, such a distinction is not wholly clear, and borderline cases needs to be discussed.
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A intersetorialidade no Programa Saúde na Escola no município de Belo Horizonte, MG

A intersetorialidade no Programa Saúde na Escola no município de Belo Horizonte, MG

Rev Med Minas Gerais, 24 (Supl. Mixing quantitative and qualitative methods: triangulation in action. X Congreso Internacional del CLAD sobre La Reforma Del Estado y de La Admin[r]

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UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DE SANTA MARIA CENTRO DE EDUCAÇÃO PROGRAMA DE PÓS-GRADUAÇÃO EM EDUCAÇÃO

UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DE SANTA MARIA CENTRO DE EDUCAÇÃO PROGRAMA DE PÓS-GRADUAÇÃO EM EDUCAÇÃO

Tese (Doutorado em Educação)- Universidade de São Paulo: São Paulo, 1998.. São Paulo: Companhia Editora Nacional, 1959. Qualitative methods in research on teaching. Handbook of resear[r]

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Proteus mirabilis biofilm - Qualitative and quantitative colorimetric methods-based evaluation

Proteus mirabilis biofilm - Qualitative and quantitative colorimetric methods-based evaluation

Proteus mirabilis strains ability to form biofilm is a current topic of a number of research worldwide. In this study the biofilm formation of P. mirabilis strains derived from urine of the catheterized and non-catheterized patients has been investigated. A total number of 39 P. mirabilis strains isolated from the urine samples of the patients of dr Antoni Jurasz University Hospital No. 1 in Bydgoszcz clinics between 2011 and 2012 was used. Biofilm formation was evaluated using two independent quantitative and qualitative methods with TTC (2,3,5-triphenyl-tetrazolium chloride) and CV (crys- tal violet) application. The obtained results confirmed biofilm formation by all the examined strains, except quantitative method with TTC, in which 7.7% of the strains did not have this ability. It was shown that P. mirabilis rods have the ability to form biofilm on the surfaces of both biomaterials ap- plied, polystyrene and polyvinyl chloride (Nelaton catheters). The differences in ability to form biofilm observed between P. mirabilis strains derived from the urine of the catheterized and non-catheterized patients were not statistically significant.
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AN ANALYSIS OF THE SHADOW ECONOMY IN EU COUNTRIES

AN ANALYSIS OF THE SHADOW ECONOMY IN EU COUNTRIES

The literature (Feige, 1989) offers three models to estimate the size of the underground economy: a) qualitative methods (focused on identifying motivations, perceptions and behaviours of the actors of the shadow economy; b) quantitative methods (conclusive, focused on obtaining representative data on the structure and dynamics of the phenomenon); c) methods that do not claim systematic scientific estimates (based on personal observation, without considering the context, nominal, partial case studies or random investigations). Although of partial relevance, the latter still provides relevant images on the frequency and nature of this phenomenon and can be a starting point for a scientific approach.
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Rev. contab. finanç.  vol.28 número74

Rev. contab. finanç. vol.28 número74

An analogy can even be established between the quantitative methods of positivism and the qualitative methods of alternative research, where the notions of reliability and validity belonging to positivist research (which show the capacity for empirical results to be the same if a study were repeated) are substituted, in alternative research, by the notion of credibility – which, in the context of qualitative research, means formulating the most appropriate research questions, gathering adequate evidence for the study being developed, and adopting research methods that allow for answers to the research questions to be obtained. Th ere are diff erent tests that make it possible to evaluate whether a study is credible or not; the authenticity criterion (related to the existence of evidence that the researcher was in the fi eld and gathered information regarding the processes being studied), the plausibility criterion (which asses the capacity for the arguments to be presented logically to the person analyzing them), and also the relevance criterion (whether the research contributes to the theoretical and empirical knowledge), are the main criteria used to test credibility in this type of research.
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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients’ experience with pulmonary  : a systematic review of qualitative research

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients’ experience with pulmonary : a systematic review of qualitative research

needs and expectations and concerns to give support for better treatment and care. Consequently, adjusting the COPD treatment according to the patients’ con- straints and needs may contribute to their adherence to PR programmes. 16 Qualitative studies with COPD and PR may complement quantitative findings as quan- titative research tries to explain the nature and strength of associations or relationships; qualitative studies also tend to develop an ever-widening explanation. 23 Qualitative studies have a specific methodology that, when applied properly, is a promising method to pro- vide understanding of clinical settings. 24 Qualitative methods 25–27 permit the exploration of patients’ lived experiences – their perspectives, beliefs and feelings – disclosing subtle details and meanings not identified using quantitative methods alone. In fact, a combina- tion of both qualitative and quantitative research in a mixed methods study often offers the most compre- hensive approach. 28
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Combining qualitative and quantitative methods in studying education

Combining qualitative and quantitative methods in studying education

In the humanities, in the last two decades, there has been an evident increase of re- search combining quantitative and qualitative methods, techniques, approaches, concepts or language. This paper discusses the arguments for and against these re- search drafts, which most often appear in literature under the title mixed methods research. While some authors consider this type of research as the announcement of the third paradigm in studying social phenomena and the approach that shifts the war between the two paradigms into the past, other authors claim that the paradigms un- derlying the two basic research orientations are incompatible because they study essentially different phenomena, and therefore the methods from two research tradi- tions cannot be combined in any way. The third viewpoint, which we advocate as well, argues that qualitative and quantitative methods cannot be applied together in one draft for the purposes of triangulation or cross-validation, but that they can be combined for complementary objectives. This paper describes the example of mixed methods draft of complementary objectives in pedagogy, which refers to evaluation of mathematics curriculum. The example shows that combining qualitative and quan- titative methods is not only possible, but that it creates the conditions for arriving at data which would not be possible to obtain using only one or the other approach. Key words: mixed-methods research, qualitative research methods, pragmatism.
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THE DIAGNOSIS AND EVALUATION OF COMPANY’S ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL RESULTS

THE DIAGNOSIS AND EVALUATION OF COMPANY’S ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL RESULTS

When performing an economic analysis we take into consideration either methods of qualitative analysis, which aim to the essence of the phenomenon highlighting the causative relations[r]

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Qualitative and quantitative analysis of rabbit's fat mesenchymal stem cells

Qualitative and quantitative analysis of rabbit's fat mesenchymal stem cells

After collection, the adipose tissue was fragmented (explant technique) into small pieces (about 1 cm) and washed with PBS supplemented with penicillin and streptomycin (1%) (Figure 3). Subsequently, the fragments were enzymatically dissociated with trypsin / EDTA. After the enzymatic process the material was subjected to centrifugation to the rupture of adipocytes to obtain a button of blood cells from the total fat (CTF) which were counted in a Neubauer chamber. Then were the qualitative part of the study through the cell viability using the dye trypan blue, which is associated to DNA when cell membrane rupture. After confirmation of cell viability, these cells were incubated in culture medium DMEM (high glucose, supplemented with fetal bovine serum and 10%) at 37°C with 5% CO ² . After 20 days, was performed quantitative analysis of the accession of mesenchymal cells (MSC 1pd) in cell culture bottles.
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Effectiveness of enhanced communication therapy in the first four months after stroke for aphasia and dysarthria: a randomised controlled trial (2012)

Effectiveness of enhanced communication therapy in the first four months after stroke for aphasia and dysarthria: a randomised controlled trial (2012)

Although both groups improved on the primary outcome, this could have been due to spontaneous recovery, regression to the mean, or general support from a therapist or visitor. Data on resource use showed that users accepted an average of 22 contacts over 13 weeks (from therapists or visitors) of the maximum available to them. These provide useful acceptability data to any researchers considering providing more intensive early intervention. The nested qualitative study reported elsewhere helps interpret the randomised controlled trial and resource use findings, suggesting that users value early regular contact (with a therapist or visitor) that provides an opportunity to practise functional communication and has a positive impact on their confidence and mood. 19
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A constructivist model of bank branch front-office employee evaluation: an FCM-SD-based approach

A constructivist model of bank branch front-office employee evaluation: an FCM-SD-based approach

Future research must keep in mind that the proposed model focuses on Portuguese banks’ realities and, thus, its usefulness in other contexts will depend on the changes introduced by decision-maker panels. Nonetheless, the methods applied should remain valid because of the present study’s processual approach, even though the current results’ limited potential for extrapolation is the methodologies’ greatest shortcoming. Keeping this in mind, bank branches in different contexts (e.g., other specialists and geographical contexts) should be able to structure their front-office employee performance evaluation criteria using similar techniques. One possible future line of research could involve developing different scenarios based on new challenges that might arise in the market. These scenarios would allow experts to understand the decision-support system’s behavior and find ways to improve the proposed model’s focus. A larger number of simulations are needed to ensure a stronger model and more informed and prepared management to maintain control over decision-making pro- cesses. Overall, the methodologies applied in the present study need to be used primarily as a complement to other analytical tools, namely, multicriteria evaluation models or other con- structivist models (for examples, see Belton and Stewart (2002) and Zavadskas et al. (2014)). The proposed dual methodology could also be combined with artificial intelligence methods to provide further insights into bank branch front-office employee evaluation, thereby gen- erating further developments in this field.
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Social Network Analysis and Qualitative Interviews for Assessing Geographic Characteristics of Tourism Business Networks.

Social Network Analysis and Qualitative Interviews for Assessing Geographic Characteristics of Tourism Business Networks.

From the two methods, for Longyearbyen, high population and business turnover alongside compartmentalization of the community into subgroups may support the internal develop- ment and application of diverse and new ideas [46], [52]. That comes at a cost of less coordi- nated planning and reduced steering of collective action [52], and the preference for short- term visions and actions which could be at odds with longer-term interests and approaches, such as environmental and heritage conservation. In Surselva-Gotthard, a strong sense of place and cultural identity coupled with an efficient, centralized communication structure seems to empower links supporting longer-term visions. This tight social structure may incur costs of ‘groupthink’ [63] if it limits infusion or acceptance of new strategies, products, and services; that is, a tight social structure can dampen down suggestions of trying out different approaches because it has not been done before or because an individual is in the minority.
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Rev. LatinoAm. Enfermagem  vol.15 número4

Rev. LatinoAm. Enfermagem vol.15 número4

Scientifically sound, qualitative research studies often serve not only as groundwork for theory development but also for the design, implementation, and refinement of quantitative studies. While rigorous quantitative research studies often serve to identify the gaps in the literature and little understood phenomena in need of qualitative study. The ongoing interaction between these two approaches to knowledge leads to the accumulation of a broad array of research findings to help move nursing from tradition-based to an evidence-based practice. In the next article, the combination or mixing of designs within one research study will be introduced.
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en 0102 6933 rgenf 1983

en 0102 6933 rgenf 1983

This is an experience report on the use of participa- tory methodologies such as Photovoice and Five Field Map, derived from a master’s research, based on records made in field and observation diaries. Both are based on qualitative approach, carried out in different scenarios, but both with similar audience, i.e. children aged 6-11 years old, immersed in contexts of social vulnerability. The studies were carried out, respectively, in a municipal school of Pelotas/Rio Grande do Sul and the Centro de Atenção Psicossocial Infanto-juvenil (CAPSi), in São Lou- renço do Sul/Rio Grande do Sul, in the period from April to July 2016.
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