Top PDF Attitudes towards mental illness in the Commonwealth of Dominica

Attitudes towards mental illness in the Commonwealth of Dominica

Attitudes towards mental illness in the Commonwealth of Dominica

Poco se sabe acerca de la percepción que tienen los habitantes del Caribe de habla in- glesa en torno a las enfermedades mentales. El presente estudio se llevó a cabo en 1995 con el fin de determinar las actitudes, los conocimientos y los comportamientos relacionados con la búsqueda de atención por trastornos mentales en la Mancomu- nidad de Dominica. Se encuestaron dos grupos en la isla: 67 líderes comunitarios, entre los cuales se encontraban personal de enfermería, maestros y policías; y 135 miembros de la comunidad divididos en cinco estratos socioeconómicos que se co- lapsaron a tres para el análisis. Todos los encuestados tuvieron que identificar y su- gerir maneras de tratar a las personas con psicosis, alcoholismo, depresión e hi- peractividad infantil, tal como se describe en los relatos de casos ilustrativos. Al protagonista del relato sobre la psicosis le diagnosticaron enfermedad mental 84,0% de los líderes y 72% de los miembros de la comunidad. No obstante, en cada uno de los otros tres relatos, menos de 30% de los encuestados identificaron un trastorno mental. Solamente poco más de la mitad de los encuestados eran de la creencia de que la persona alcohólica estuviera afectada por un problema serio. Menos de la mitad opinaban que las personas con depresión o hiperactividad tuvieran un problema grave. Los líderes de la comunidad mostraron menor capacidad para reconocer un trastorno mental que los otros miembros de la comunidad. La tendencia más acen- tuada entre los encuestados fue la de remitir a un médico a miembros de la familia con trastornos mentales. En resumen, en Dominica hacen falta programas de edu- cación sobre la enfermedad mental. La falta de conocimientos sobre las enfermedades de la mente por parte del personal de enfermería, los maestros y los policías produjo especial desconcierto, ya que estos profesionales tienen participación directa en las vías de acceso a la atención.
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Beliefs and attitudes towards mental illness: an examination of the sex differences in mental health literacy in a community sample

Beliefs and attitudes towards mental illness: an examination of the sex differences in mental health literacy in a community sample

As hypothesized, the type of mental illness directly influenced participants’ abilities to accurately identify the presenting symptoms, with depression resulting as the most readily identifiable mental illness (85.7%), followed by anxiety (56.5%), and then psychosis (41.5%). These findings suggest that the general public is relatively good at identifying symptoms of depression, but find it significantly more difficult to identify anxiety and psychosis. This is consistent with previous research that has shown depression to be more readily identifiable by the general public than psychosis (e.g., Reavley & Jorm, 2011). A number of factors may contribute to the increased recognition of depression over anxiety and psychosis. First, a greater prevalence of depression and anxiety in Australia compared to psychosis may result in members of the general public having greater exposure and ex- perience with such mental illnesses. Second, given the exposure provided by organizations such as beyondblue, the term depression is more readily used in the Australian vernacular and is associated with milder social stigmas (Jorm, Christensen & Griffiths, 2005b). Finally, compared to depression and anxiety, which refer to broad categories of psychological symptoms, psychosis refers to a more specific set of psychological symptoms outlined in the DSM-V, subsequently making it more difficult to accurately identify ( American Psychiatric Association, 2013; Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2009).
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Knowledge and Attitude of Mental Illness Among General Public of Southern India

Knowledge and Attitude of Mental Illness Among General Public of Southern India

In the present study, negative attitudes toward people with mental illness were widely held. Most of the subjects were uncomfortable in visiting a psychiatrist if they had any emotional problem and only few reported traditional healer for consultation; this reflects the stigma associated with mental illness and hindering treatment seeking. More than half of the subjects revealed that they had fear of mentally ill and only few want to maintain friendship with them. In one study, kibbutz members held different attitudes toward patients with mental disorders; although the majority of subjects supported the social integration of people with mental disorders. 12,13 Most of the subjects
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Rev. Bras. Enferm.  vol.69 número2

Rev. Bras. Enferm. vol.69 número2

Objective: to investigate the existence of a relationship between attitudinal profi les and the pleasure/suffering dynamic in workers of Mental Health Services. Method: a quantitative, descriptive-analytical, correlational and cross-sectional study conducted in 2014. We used three instruments: characterization questionnaire, Opinions on Mental Illness Scale and Pleasure and Suffering Indicators at Work Scale, answered by 80 workers of the Network for Psychosocial Care of Alfenas, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Results: Authoritarianism proved to be the predominant profi le. As for the pleasure/suffering at work, Gratifi cation was considered adequate, and indicators such as Freedom, Wear and Insecurity were considered moderate critical. There were positive correlations between the most favorable attitudes and pleasure indicators at work. The values of both scales showed a relationship with socio-demographic and professional variables. Conclusion: the less favorable attitudes are prevalent and, in spite of suffering being present, these professionals feel gratifi ed about their work.
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The mental models of vaccination, trust in health care system and parental attitudes towards childhood vaccination

The mental models of vaccination, trust in health care system and parental attitudes towards childhood vaccination

pogovora in empati čno moč oz. poslušanje pediatra kot ključna dejavnika, ki krepita odnos med pediatrom in staršem. D. Lupton (1997) je ugotovila, da je ve čina avstralskih bolnikov imela medosebne lastnosti zdravnikov za pomembnejše kot strokovno znanje. Kundi in sodelavci (2015) so v svoji raziskavi poudarili potrebo po ustreznem komuniciranju in dobri informiranosti staršev o cepljenju otrok. Neravnovesje v podajanju informacij o pozitivnih in negativnih straneh cepljenja oz. pomanjkanje odkritosti v procesu komunikacije lahko po njihovem mnenju spodkoplje odnos med starši in pediatrom ter posledi čno zmanjša zaupanje tako v zdravnike kot tudi v sistem zdravstva. Raithatha, Holland, Gerrarg in Harvey (2003) so raziskovali vpliv zaupanja v vlado in državne ustanove na zaznavo preventivnih zdravstvenih programov. Ugotovili so, da se starševsko nezaupanje v vlado in državne institucije negativno odraža v sprejemanju cepljenja. Po mnenju ve čine staršev naj bi bile družine žrtve vsiljenih programov cepljenja predvsem zato, ker zakonodajalci, mediji in celotni družbeni ustroj preve č sledijo medicinski stroki in farmacevtski industriji. Avtorji so poudarili potrebo po nujnih odgovorih na zaskrbljenost staršev glede medicinske preventive. Altinkaynak, Ertekin, Guraksin in Kilic (2004) so pri turških starših odkrili visoke povezave med sociodemografskimi zna čilnostmi in sprejemljivostjo cepljenja otrok.
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Attitudes of professionals of the Network of Psychosocial Attention to mental illness art amgonçalves

Attitudes of professionals of the Network of Psychosocial Attention to mental illness art amgonçalves

may be related to the difficulty of understanding men- tal illness as a disease like the others, with complex rather than unidimensional causes. Some types of beliefs about the etiology of mental illness can have a beneficial effect in combating the stigmatization of mental illness. The conception of mental illness, cau- sed by genetic and biological issues as well as psycho- social issues, helps to understand mental illness as pa- thology similar to any other, reducing the idea of fear, dangerousness and discriminatory attitudes (19) . Thus,
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The Role of Technology in Science Teaching Activities: Web Based Teaching Applications

The Role of Technology in Science Teaching Activities: Web Based Teaching Applications

Chemistry is one of the scientific disciplines that deal with abstract incidents. Therefore, visual representations in the descriptions of abstract incidents have a great importance in the learning and teaching of chemistry (Crawford & Cullin, 2004). Kozma and Russell (1997) focused on the necessity to use symbols and other shapes in order to create a clear meaning in chemistry. Some researchers have maintained that the use of three dimensional visual representations in chemistry makes the understanding of chemical structures and related qualities easier (Urhahne, Nick, & Schanze, 2009). The contribution of the use of technology in chemistry classes to instruction is undeniable in regards to its assistance in the visualization of abstract expressions (Waight, Liu, Gregorius, Smith & Park, 2014). The abstract knowledge of the pre-service teachers on chemistry has been transformed into concrete representations with the use of web-supported instruction. These concrete representations lessen the cognitive burdens of the pre-service teachers and improve their opinions on technology-supported education.
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An Advancement To The Security Level Through Galois Field In The Existing Password Based Technique Of Hiding Classified Information In Images

An Advancement To The Security Level Through Galois Field In The Existing Password Based Technique Of Hiding Classified Information In Images

Galois Field refers to a field in which there exists finitely many elements. It is particularly useful in translating computer data as they are represented in binary forms. Galois operations match those of regular maths. Addition, multiplication and logarithms are common Galois operations. Using the multiplication property of the Galois field an algorithm can be implemented to design an encoder. Mathematically 4 bit multiplication results in the 8 bit of the result but the Galois technique multiplication will result 4 bit resultant for 4 bit multiplication. As for the case of n bit multiplication it will result in n bit result.[13] In the information age, sharing and transfer of data has increased tremendously and usually the information exchange is done using open channels which can make it vulnerable to interception. The threat of an intruder accessing secret information has been a continuing concern for data communication experts [1]. Steganography (SG) is one of many techniques used to overcome this threat. It is a technique in which communication between two parties is done in a covert fashion using a cover object. SG is a very old practice for secret communication and can be traced back to techniques like invisible ink and microdots used by spies [2]. In general, the embedding operation in SG requires a digital medium to carry the data. Images and multimedia components, such as video and audio files, are widely used and exchanged through the internet.
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Attitudes towards disease symptoms

Attitudes towards disease symptoms

Objectives: So, based on the initial search about the studied variables in previous works, it was outlined the next main question: What’s the perception about your dignity during a disease situation? Methods: The systematic review is a method that has being used incrementally in scientiÀ c studies, evaluating an existing dataset so it obtains scientiÀ c information that is synthetic and rigorous about a given topic according to a set of deÀ ned criteria (Munoz et al, 2002). Results: Three studies were found, these studies share the qualitative method, which proved the most adequate to the exploitation of a reality inÁ uenced by the experimentation of each person. The communication is very important in the caretaking process. The sick person realizes both verbal and nonverbal communication and it intereferes with the efÀ ciency of the therapeutic process. It is important that the sick person realizes that the practitioner is with him and plays a crucial part in the care process. Indeed, it is clear that patients’ allocate their “dignity guardian“to the nursing staff. Dignity is a person’s fundamental right.
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The Impact of the Expansion of the Bolsa Familia Program on the Time Allocation of Youths And Their Parents Lia Chitolina Miguel Nathan Foguel Naercio Menezes-Filho

The Impact of the Expansion of the Bolsa Familia Program on the Time Allocation of Youths And Their Parents Lia Chitolina Miguel Nathan Foguel Naercio Menezes-Filho

The transfer of the two main variable benefits of the program is conditioned on health and education requirements. Health conditions require children younger than 7 years old to have their growth monitored and vaccinations up-to-date and pregnant and nursing women to visit regularly health centers for prenatal and postnatal care. Education conditions are that all children aged 6 to 15 must be enrolled in school and attend at least 85% of school days. Enrollment in school is also required for youths aged 16 and 17 and the minimum attendance rate for them is 75 per cent. Variable benefits are paid until December of the year when the child becomes 15 years old or when the youth completes 17 years old. After its inception in 2007, when a child becomes 16 the family is entitled to receive the higher benefit of the BVJ.
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Sensitizing The Mode Shapes Of Beam Towards Damage Detection Using Curvature And Wavelet Transform

Sensitizing The Mode Shapes Of Beam Towards Damage Detection Using Curvature And Wavelet Transform

various damage detection methods based on mode shape changes. It was found that the methods based on the curvatures performed better over FRF based methods.Sampaio et al. [16] used the FE model of a free–free beam. Relative Damage Quantification Indicator is proposed based on number of extracted natural frequencies. The method presented in this paper belongs to the class of methods that use the change in the operational deflection shapes (ODSs) to detect, locate and relatively quantify the damage.Maosen Cao et al. [17] studied the relation between fundamental mode shape and static deflection. Thus the sensitivity of these features to damage in cantilever beams is comprehensively investigated. FEM analysis is done to establish a sensitivity rule regarding the use of these features in damage detection exercise in cantilever beams. Koushik, and Samit Ray [18] studied the cantilever shear beam, discretized into a large number of elements. It is demonstrated that the change in the fundamental mode shape due to any damage is an excellent indicator of damage localization as it is found to be discontinuous at the location of damage. Further, the change in higher derivatives (i.e., slope and curvature) of the fundamental mode shape is shown to be sensitive enough in damage localization.
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Rev. LatinoAm. Enfermagem  vol.22 número4

Rev. LatinoAm. Enfermagem vol.22 número4

Objectives: to evaluate the results of “+Contigo” training, developed by nurses and directed at 66 health professionals of integrated school health teams in Primary Health Care. Method: quantitative with data collection through the Suicide Behavior Attitude Questionnaire, administered before and after the training. Results: significant increases were observed in suicide prevention knowledge and in changing attitudes of health professionals towards individuals with suicidal behavior. Conclusion: these results allow us to affirm that nurses hold scientific and pedagogical knowledge that grant them a privileged position in the health teams, to develop training aimed at health professionals involved in suicide prevention.
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Trust and political orientations

Trust and political orientations

This extended definition of trust includes the political system, the political regime and the political institutions, but at the cost of violating the interpersonal dimension of a general definition of trust. So, it would probably make more sense to talk of political confidence when we refer to institutions and governments and limit the use of trust to the direct contact between citizens and politicians or civil servants. If we accept the idea that trust is mainly an interpersonal relationship than we should focus our attention not on the political system or the political institutions but the political incumbents in the parliament or in governments. However it remains to be seen if this trust in incumbents can be an active cause of electoral trust in countries, like Portugal, where the personal vote is not paramount. Anyway, this definition of trust based on the assessment of how good the government is acting compared with how good people assess its action (Orren, 1997) can contribute to an interesting approach to the study of political trust. Instead of seeing it as a one dimensional variable – the direct estimation of the quality of the government – trust would be defined as the gap between expectations and perceived action (Hibbing and Theiss-Morse, 2001).
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Electronic Government In Democratic Public Service In One Door Integrated Permit Handling Services Agency In The City Of Samarinda

Electronic Government In Democratic Public Service In One Door Integrated Permit Handling Services Agency In The City Of Samarinda

influence of political interests or economical certain, 3) The obligation to be and to work with honest, imparsial, and efficient, 4) The obligation to always work with manners, good against people it serves, and to a superior, colleagues and his subordinates, 5) An Obligation to prevent themselves from the difference between private interests with the position of public spaces, 6) Obligation not to take advantage of unnatural or his position for personal interest, 7) The obligation to always behave in such a way for the sake of maintaining and increasing trust and confidence on public integrity, impartiality and the effectiveness of public services by, 8) An obligation to carry out tasks and functions iktikad on the basis either, perseverance based on professional skills, knowledge, and sufficient experience, 9) Obligation to always maintain a balance between respect for rights and freedom of citizens with an obligation to precede the public interest, and did not impose restrictions that unnatural unreasonable restrictions, 10) An obligation to respect the rights of citizens for public information, 11) Sanctions law firm to offences
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"A house in the woods": values, attitudes and behaviours towards forests

"A house in the woods": values, attitudes and behaviours towards forests

Forests are an important source of natural and environmental resources, and also a source of economic activity. Forest products are used daily in our lives when we eat fruit, use paper, furniture, certain medicines or detergents. Besides, forests are essential to the balance of life in the planet, as they provide habitats to diverse animal species and they prevent soil erosion, the destruction of the water cycle and global warming. Forests are also used for various recreational activities and they are one of the most referred favourite places (Korpela, 2003; Korpela, Ylén, Tyrväinen, & Silvennoinen, 2009). However, the lack of care about the preservation of forest areas, the increasing rate of deforestation and the impressive area of burned forest each year call our attention to the human factors associated with the threat to the forest and to the maintenance of biodiversity in our planet. Understanding the views and interests of the communities surrounding woods is thus very important to implement a sustainable governance of the forests that can preserve its future and quality. This new form of forestry management that has been promoted both in the US (Siry, Cubbage & Ahmed, 2005; Twarkins, Fisher & Robertson, 2001) and in the EU (Kouplevatskaya, 2006; Ruppert-Winkel & Winkel, 2009) emphasizes the importance of the involvement of different stakeholders associated with the forest in a community-based forestry management. However, little is known about either the pro-environmental behaviour in the forests or the attitudes towards forests. In one of the few studies on the topic, Kraxner, Yang and Yamagata (2009) have shown that there is a general agreement about the forest as a symbol of nature and about the positive aspects of forest for the environment and climate, but the uses of forest or the protection strategies were not perceived consensually among the residents in the nearby villages. For this reason, it is important to fill this gap in the research of public attitudes towards the forests: this is the main focus of his paper. We aim:
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The role of business intelligence in decision process modeling

The role of business intelligence in decision process modeling

Figure 2 shows the dialog box for assigning the signii cance of each criterion related to others in the predei ned table. h e predei ned table with nine op- tions is Saaty’s most famous scale for assigning the weights that is coni dent in solving real problems of business systems. Saaty’s scale for conversion of lin- guistic statements while comparing the signii cance of pairs of criteria is put as a standard due to its sim- plicity. h e manager most ot en dei nes the relations between the criteria, and therefore the subjective as- pect of the decision making is apparent.
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Trajectory in narratives: experiences of mental illness and the city of Belo Horizonte

Trajectory in narratives: experiences of mental illness and the city of Belo Horizonte

No âmbito privado, ele diz das relações afe- tivas com a esposa que se apresentam de forma intensa, por vezes, conflituosas e das atividades com o corpo, a alimentação e tarefas domésticas. No que diz respeito às relações com os irmãos e a mãe, ele ressalta meus pais e meus irmãos não são minha família, eles são meus parentes, minha fa- mília é minha esposa, o que revela uma frouxidão dos laços primários. No âmbito público, ele toma a cena a partir da inscrição na militância política, por meio da participação na ASSUSAM-MG e, atualmente, como presidente, participa de fóruns e de discussões em territórios como a Câmara dos Vereadores, as Universidades e as Conferências de Saúde. Ainda na cena pública, ele apresenta-se como um ator de teatro do Grupo Sapos e Afo- gados (grupo de teatro que, há cerca de 11 anos, surgiu nos dispositivos da Reforma Psiquiátrica de Belo Horizonte, especificamente no Centro de Convivência César Campos, como oficina de teatro para os usuários da rede de saúde mental. Atualmente é um grupo independente e desvin- culado da rede) e ocupa lugares na cidade como os Centros de Convivências, o Galpão Cine Hor- to (centro cultural do Grupo Galpão, importante companhia de teatro no cenário da cidade de Belo Horizonte e no cenário nacional) e, especialmen- te, como artista de rua a partir da inscrição em ruas e praças da cidade, como a Praça Floriano Peixoto e a Praça da Liberdade. Como artista, ele já atuou em diferentes espetáculos, dentre eles “Papo de Anjo”, “Cinema da Visibilidade Íntima”, “Caixa Preta”, “Isso não é um sorvete”, entre ou- tros. Contudo, acerca dessa atividade, ele ressalta: Eu sou ator de carteirinha, na minha cartei- ra profissional está lá profissão: artista. E eu já era louco há muito tempo, pois desde dezoito anos eu enlouqueci [...]. Aí eu fiz um teste, vamos fazer a Caixa Preta, foi Caixa Preta o primeiro trabalho?! Eu ganho um cachezinho, ajuda. Tem um retorno financeiro, mas não é um retorno financeiro que eu esperava...
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Sao Paulo Med. J.  vol.134 número4

Sao Paulo Med. J. vol.134 número4

dents generally ind FM appealing, it is regarded as a career of low interest and prestige. hese authors suggested seven broad themes to explain this situation: the scope and context of practice (the perception that FM is a varied specialty, with broad prac- tice, holistic perspective and lexibility that allows practitioners to have a family); work of lower interest or that is intellectually less challenging (treating common disease, repetitive work and almost an administrative job); inluence of role models, either positive or negative, and of society (negative comments from other professionals, peers and family); lower prestige; poor remu- neration; medical school inluences; and postgraduate training, where conversely the shorter duration and the lower intensity were perceived as positive aspects of FM. 25
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Factors Affecting The Adoption Of Mhealth In Maternal Health Care In Nakuru Provincial General Hospital

Factors Affecting The Adoption Of Mhealth In Maternal Health Care In Nakuru Provincial General Hospital

of social commitments and values such as social justice and equity, which are stated in their constitutions, signed treaties and conventions. Ministries of health oversee the overall development of health systems using their governance function, which includes policy analysis and formulation, regulating service delivery between partners, developing norms and standards for quality assurance and ensuring the implementation of agreed upon policies and strategies. The importance of ICTs in development process was long recognized and access to ICTs has even been made one of the targets of the Millennium Development Goal No. 8 (MDG 8),which emphasizes the benefits of new technologies, especially ICTs in the fight against poverty [26]. In the implementation of mHealth, ICT is a key component therefore policies on penetration, adoption and utilization of ICT in the health sector play a key role in enhancing mHealth adoption. The telecommunications sector of some countries such as Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria and Senegal, are very dynamic. Yet, as shown in the introductory section, Africa as a whole continues to lag behind other regions of the world. This is primarily as a result of the high cost of services [27]. Based on a review conducted across 17 Sub-Saharan African countries, Calandroet. al. argue that the national objectives of achieving universal and affordable access to the full range of communications services have been undermined either by poor policies constraining market entry and the competitive allocation of available resources; weak institutional arrangements with a dearth of technical capacity and competencies; and, in some instances, regressive taxes on usage. Gillwald [28] argues that in addition to competition and open access regimes, effective regulation of other factors such as spectrum and interconnection and tariffs are required to stimulate market growth, improve access, and lower prices. This is because: many competitive markets with several players have experienced spectrum allocation problems high cost of services as a result of retrogressive tax on mobile communications despite having an open market with several operators such as Uganda and expensive leased lines generally available from incumbent operators which hare mostly unregulated contributed to the high cost of doing business and inhibited growth and employment opportunities [28].
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Managament quality of tools in the planned housing casting

Managament quality of tools in the planned housing casting

Subbotko, Methods of distribution of tool at units based on TM software of Guhring, Production Engineering Wroc ł aw University of Technology,(2006) 273- 280 (in Polish).. Bocheński, C[r]

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