A new species, Apteroloma zhejiangense sp. n., is described from Zhejiang Province, China. he habitus and sexual characters ofthe new species are illustrated. Apteroloma jinfo Růžička, is reported for the irst time from China: Hubei and Hunan Provinces, and A. potanini (Semenov, 1893) from Ningxia and Henan Provinces. Presence of A. kozlovi Semenov-Tian-Shanskij & Znojko in Semenov-Tian-Shanskij, 1932 in South Korea is conirmed based on re-examined material.
very active, but stray workers feigned death when disturbed. The chambers ofthe three nests observed in Minas Gerais were found in shallow depth, in clay soil covered by a secondary forest at Universidade Federal de Viçosa campus, in April 1996 (José Henrique Schoereder pers. comm.). One nest was transferred to the laboratory and produced gynes and males after six months. Two additional nests found in the same area had the entrance surrounded by a turret, the biggest one with 4 cm of height and 6 cm of diameter at the base (Fig. 5). In a third nest without an entrance mound, the workers were following two opposite trails to dispose earth grains and old fungal substrate almost 15 cm away from the nest entrance. A spider exuvia carried by a worker was the only foraging item observed in the field, but substrate discarded in the laboratory was similar to that observed for M. parallelus: seeds, decayed wood and insect feces. The observations in Minas Gerais and an additional worker captured in a primary forest (Reserva Biológica do Tinguá, RJ, Brazil) from litter sample submitted to Winkler extractor, revealed that M. carinatus can also live inside forests.
Description. Male (holotype): Total length 2.55; carapace, sternum and labium intensive carmine-red; chelicerae, palps (entirely), coxa and femur I light reddish orange, other segments of leg I and entire legs II–IV pale yellowish red; abdomen milk-white with intensive reddish orange dorsal scutum. Carapace (Fig. 10): 1.10 long, 0.76 wide. Diameters of AME, ALE, PLE, PME: 0.10, 0.02, 0.02, 0.02. In- terdistances: AME–AME 0.08, ALE–AME 0.05, ALE–PLE <0.01, PLE–PME 0.11, PME–PME 0.14. Chelicerae as shown in Figs 17–18. Sternum (Fig. 11) 0.85 long, 0.65 wide; labium 0.21 long, 0.18 wide at base. Measurements of palp and leg seg- ments as shown in Table 1. Scopulae and tarsal claws as shown in Figs 23, 26–31 and 22, 24, 25, 36, 37 respectively. Scarcely distributed scopular hairs approximate- ly as long as metatarsus and tarsus width (Figs 26–31) At least metatarsus III with comb of setae (Fig. 35). Tarsi I–IV with claw tufts, better developed on tarsi I–II (Figs 22, 24). Tarsal claws I–II with few teeth (Figs 22, 25), III–IV with more and longer teeth (Figs 36, 37). Spinnerets, pedicel tube, and ventral parts of abdominal scutum as shown in Figs 32–34.
This clade forms a well-supported monophyletic group in the phylogenies inferred from the ‘multilocus matrix’ (bs = 100%, pp = 1.0) and ‘ITS matrix’ (bs = 100%) and contains L. car- pathica, L. effugiens, L. elaeochroma, L. aff. elaeochroma, L. elaeochromoides, L. euphorea, L. aff. euphorea, L. meiococca, and L. tumidula. In the ITS topology, L. wulfenii and L. flavosorediata were also recovered within this clade. All species within this clade are known to produce xan- thones. According to Leuckert and Knoph  the xanthones in Lecidella mainly consist of two types: chloronorlichexanthones (arthothelin and thiophanic acid in our samples) and O- methylated xanthones (aotearone, capistratone, thuringione, granulosin and lichexanthone in our samples). Our results indicate that both major groups of xanthones are not completely independent from one another, being present for example in L. euphorea, which contains arthothelin and thiophanic acid but also aotearone and capistratone. Lecidella euphorea and L. tumidula form well-supported monophyletic clades. Lecidella tumidula3 was originally identi- fied as L. euphorea . However, a re-examination ofthe voucher specimen from DUKE revealed the presence of lichexanthone in this specimen; hence it was re-identified as L. tumi- dula. Lecidella carpathica is paraphyletic with L. tumidula nested within. In the ITS tree (S1 Fig), specimens Lecidella ‘carpathica1’ and ‘carpathica2’ cluster with a sequence from Genbank that was collected in Austria and apparently represents L. carpathica s.str., whereas specimens ‘carpathica0’ and ‘carpathica3’ form a sister-group to L. tumidula and potentially represent a cryptic lineage.
covered with grayish yellow appressed pubescence. Vertex with two vittae behind up- per eyelobes only sparsely pubescent. Antenna with scape covered with same kind of pubescence as head; other parts covered with ine grayish pubescence. Pronotum cov- ered with same kind of pubescence as head except for a median longitudinal glabrous area. Scutellum densely clothed with recumbent pubescence. Elytron densely covered with grayish yellow appressed pubescence, provided with two bright yellow, irregularly shaped maculae on basal one-third and basal two-third near lateral margin; with small, round, yellow spots scattered mainly around suture and near apex.
Tenerife). PVC cores of 4.5 cm of inner diameter were taken to a depth of 30 cm in the sediment. The samples were fixed with 10% formaldehyde in seawater for one day and decanted through a sieve of 63 m mesh size, and posteriorly pre- served in 70% ethanol (Platt & Warwick 1983). Several specimens were mounted in glycerine gel and drawings of these were done using a camera lucida on a Leica DMLB microscope equipped with Nomarski interference contrast.
his is the second troglomorphic mygalomorph species from Brazil, but the irst species from the Amazonian region. Recently, a troglobitic heraphosidae was de- scribed from Bahia state (Bertani et al. 2013). Troglobitic or troglomorphic Dipluridae are common in subfamilies other than Diplurinae (ex. Euagriinae, see Coyle 1988), but the only other diplurine described solely from caves is Linothele cavicola Golobof, 1994. his species lacks most ofthe modiications commonly associated with cave life, such as pigmentation and eye reduction, but displays elongated appendages, a reduced number of teeth on tarsal claw, and does not spin webs (Golobof 1994).
Holloway JD, Cock M, Desmier JW, Chenon R (1987) Systematic account of South-East Asian pest Limacodidae. In: Cock MJW, Godfray HCJ, Holloway JD (Eds) Slug and Nettle Caterpillars: he biology, taxonomy and control ofthe Limacodidae of economic importance on palms in South-East Asia. Cab International. Wallingford 15–117. Joannis de J (1901) Variation of Monema lavescens Walker. Bulletin de la Société ento-
ABSTRACT. A new species of Simlops Bonaldo, Ott & Ruiz, 2014, S. kartabo sp. nov., from Guyana is described. The new species belongs to the putatively basal bodanus species group, sharing with other species ofthe group a relatively simple embolar distal third. The presence of a fi liform accessory process onthe conductor, previously evidenced only for S. guatopo Brescovit, 2014 is also identifi ed here for S. bodanus (Chickering, 1968), S. guyanensis Santos, 2014 and S. kartabo sp. nov. and may support the monophyly ofthe bodanus group.
Geraldo M. dos Santos e Lucia Py-Daniel (INPA), Pierre-Yves Le Bail (INRA – Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Rennes), Francisco Provenzano e Antonio Machado-Allison (MBUCV), Karsten Hartel (MCZ), Sonia Müller (MHNG), Patrice Prusvost (MNHN), Paulo Buckup (MNRJ), Hernán Ortega (MUSM), Osvaldo Oyakawa (MZUSP), Helmut Wellwndorf (NMW, Naturhistorisches Museum Wien), Sven Kullander (NRM), Erling Holm e Marty Rouse (ROM), Jeffrey Stewart (SIUC), James Albert (UF, atualmente na University of Louisiana at Lafayette), Wilson Costa (UFRJ), Paulo Lucinda (UNT, Universidade Federal do Tocantins), Richard Vari (USNM) e Susan Jewett (na época, na USNM), Hans-Joachim Paepke e Peter Bartsch (ZMB, Museum für Naturkunde, Humboldt, Universität zu Berlin). Aos colegas Alexandre Clistenes, Carlos Figueiredo e Flávio Lima pela cola- boração no envio de material proveniente de suas coletas. Agra- decemos a Claude Ferrara (MNHN) pelas fotos dos holótipos de P. wayampi e P. wayana e à Zora Gabsi (MNHN) pela radiografia de P. wayampi; a James Maclaine (NHM) e Kyle Luckenbill (ANSP) pelas fotos dos holótipos de P. carteri e P. calverti, respectivamen- te; a Philip Willink (FMNH) pelas fotos dos holótipos de P. fransciscoensis e P. megalostictus; a Pablo Lehman e Vinicius Bertaco pelas fotos de P. carteri e P. simulatus, respectivamente, e a José Pezzi da Silva pelas fotos dos holótipos das demais espécies. À Sonia Fish-Muller (MHNG), Philippe Keith (MNHN) e Michel Jégu (IRD) pela participação no programa de inventário dos pei- xes de água doce da Guiana Francesa, cujos espécimes foram utilizados no presente trabalho. Ao Conselho Nacional de De- senvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico pelos auxílios recebi- dos (processos 303785/2007-1 e 479412/2008-1, LRM; processo 471543/2007-1, ZML).
the inference that the founder ofthe repleta group was a forest form, not necessarily ofthe wet forest, which “be- came” a repleta while still associated with forest habitats. At the present time, and on anatomical grounds especially, the major separation within the repleta group is between the hydei subgroup onthe one hand and the remaining sub- groups onthe other, with the fasciola subgroup being the most primitive among the latter forms". Supporting this idea, Morais et al. (1995) proposed the possibility ofthe repleta group ancestor having inhabited the forests, and, based in composition studies of yeasts, associated to these flies, suggesting that the fasciola subgroup represents the oldest lineage from which the South American species ofthe repleta group may have evolved. This statement is in agreement to the ecological data mentioned above.
Relative advantage is defined as the extent to which a person views an innovation as offering an advantage over previous ways of performing the same task (Roger, 1983; Agarwal & Prasad, 1997). Because Internet banking services allow customers to access their banking account from any location 24 hours a day and 7 days a week, it provides an enormous advantage and convenience to users (Tan & Teo, 2000). It also gives customers greater control over managing their finances, as they are able to check their accounts easily. Besides, a customer’s Internet experience, his or her banking needs can affect his adoption. As there are more financial products and services, it is expected that individuals with many financial accounts and who subscribe to many banking services will be more inclined to adopt Internet banking. Tan and Teo (2000) has reported that potential adopters of Internet banking services are likely to own multiple banking accounts and subscribe to various banking services. Rogers argues that potential adapters, who are allowed to experiment with an innovation will feel more comfortable with the innovation and are more likely to adopt it. Thus, if customers have the opportunity to try the innovation, certain fears ofthe unknown may be minimized. Government policy could also aid or hinder Internet diffusion (Mbarika, 2002). This is consistent with the national systems of innovation theory that posits that government policies may encourage or mandate technology development and adoption (King et. al., 1994; Wolcott et. al., 2001). Tan and Teo (2000) suggest that the greater the extent of government support for Internet commerce, the more likely Internet banking will be adopted, thus, confirming Goh’s (1995) suggestion that governments can play an interventionist and leading role in the diffusion of innovation. Potential users in turn would view new applications such as Internet banking services more favorably and hence be more like to use them. Thus, the second alternative hypothesis is:
The advanced materials for future structural applications are intermetalics. Good mechanical properties, also at elevated temperatures, high resistance to oxidation and corrosion in aggressive environments, and high resistance to abrasion recommend intermetals with all their valuable performance properties to be used as a material for protective surface layers [9, 10, 11].
The preparation ofthe casting process included heating the mould in 70°C, which caused water to evaporate. Next, the mould parts were joined together and filled with an aluminum alloy. After the alloy solidified, the mould was broken and the cast cooled (fig. 3).
their purchasing behavior. The work on CSR and consumer choice could be a new growth opportunity for marketing. CSR initiatives with well-designed targets and high consumer awareness through communication could play an important role in successful marketing. Becker- Olsen et al. (2006) suspected the assumption that consumers will always reward firms for their socially responsible initiatives unselectively. They designed two studies to explore how consumers react to different CSR activities. In addition, they investigated the impact ofthe motivations and time choice of CSR initiatives. CSR activities that do not fit with a fir m‘s expertise have negative impact on consumers‘ attitudes toward a firm and the firm‘s credibility. Firms can be perceived as ―doing good‖ only by addressing selected CSR initiatives. CSR activities with low fitness with a firm are perceived as ―doing CSR business‖ by consumers, and lead to non-positive consumer evaluations. Perceived motivations of consumers have effect on consumers‘ evaluation of a firm and a firm‘s CSR initiatives. If consumers believe CSR initiatives are profit- driven rather than social-driven, then they will assess a firm and its credibility negatively. This leads to a low likelihood of consumers‘ purchase intention. The time of practicing CSR activities matters to consumers‘ assessments. Proactive CSR activities help firms get positive evaluations from consumers. In contrast, consumers regard reactive CSR activities as doing ―CSR business‖. Reactive CSR has non-positive contribution to a firm‘s image (Becker-Olsen et al., 2006).
The structure ofthe remelting zone ofthe steel C90 steel be- fore conventional tempering consitute cells, dendritic cells, sur- rounded with the cementite, inside of which there is a plate mar- tensite and retained austenite, whereas the structure HS 6-5-2 steel consititute cells, dendritic cells and dendrites surrounded with the eutectic, inside of which there is a plate martensite and retained austenite. Such a structure is characterized with the similar micro- hardness (790-800 HV0,065) and intensity ofthe tribilogical wear.