Top PDF Abstract This paper examines two experiences of

Abstract This paper examines two experiences of

Abstract This paper examines two experiences of

Abstract This paper examines two experiences of social networks developed as a space for strength- ening public health policies in the Brazilian con- text. Objective: To describe and analyze some pos- sibilities of using social networks as devices linked to public health policies based on the experience of two comparative cases currently underway in Brazil: The HumanizaSUS Network and the Community of Primary Care Practices. Methods: This is qualitative research with a comparative case study approach, with emphasis on the ex- ploitation of data available in the public platform of both networks and publications around these two experiences. Results: Webometric data of the cases studied will be shown, pointing out aspects of differentiation and similarity between them from three axes of analysis: (1) theoretical-con- ceptual framework; (2) the design of the platform, its functionalities and its daily support process; (3) the singularities of the related policies. The discussion of these points indicates that social net- works can function as devices for education, pro- duction of a collection of experiences, clinical col- laboration and especially a collaborative creation of spaces for sharing experiences and collective re- flection on the daily construction of public policy. Key words Public policies, Social networks, Col- lective health
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Abstract This paper aims to analyze the main

Abstract This paper aims to analyze the main

Abstract This paper aims to analyze the main characteristics of Road Traffic Accidents (RTA) mortality in Brazil for the period 1996-2015, focusing on the 10-29 years’ age group. This is a two-step study consisting of (i) a bibliographic re- view on the topic of traffic violence in Brazil, and (ii) a study on RTA mortality in the Mortality Information System (SIM). The former situates the state of the art of scientific production on the theme and produces the theoretical reference for the analysis of the latter. During the period, about 39,000 people died by RTA, of which about 13,200 adolescents and young people died. The coun- try should curb mortality to somewhere around 19,500/year and, among adolescents and young people, to 6,500/year to achieve SDG 3.6. With the establishment of the Brazilian Traffic Code (CTB), RTA mortality rate fell between 1997 and 2000. The rate increased in the subsequent decade. The focus on adolescents and young peo- ple help us understand that, in the post-CTB and Prohibition, male black and brown motorcyclists became the main victims. The literature provides data analysis and shows that reduction is cur- rently submitted to an articulated discussion that involves worker’s health, gender, employment, ur- ban mobility and advertising policies. Concerning SDG, this means that achieving SDG 3.6 is a pro- cess that involves interacting with policies target- ing other SDGs.
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Abstract  This paper aims to evaluate the performance of

Abstract  This paper aims to evaluate the performance of

AbstractThis paper aims to evaluate the performance of commercial power quality (PQ) instruments. By using a high precision programmable voltage and current source, two meters from different manufacturers are analyzed and compared. Three-phase voltage signals are applied to PQ instruments of different classes, considering 3 situations of time varying harmonic distortions. This work is relevant considering that Brazil is deploying standardization in terms of power quality measurements aiming towards regulatory procedures and index limits.
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Abstract This paper presents the results of the

Abstract This paper presents the results of the

Abstract This paper presents the results of the structured interview phase of the National Abor- tion Survey (PN A-interviews), describing the itineraries, methods and social and demographic profile of women who had at least one illegal abor- tion. Structured interviews were conducted dur- ing the years 2010 and 2011 in five state capitals (Belem, Brasilia, Porto Alegre, Rio de Janeiro and Salvador) with 122 women aged between 18 and 39 who had abortions. It is a non-probabilistic sample controlled by six parameters in accordance with level of education and age to reflect the so- cial and demographic structure found in the PNA ballot-box questionnaire phase. The majority of women interviewed had had only one abortion, but 1 in every 4 had two abortions and 1 in every 17 had a third one. The majority of abortions are among women under 19 years of age who already had children and a higher incidence is found among black women. The most common test for pregnancy is beta-HCG blood test, the pharmacy urine test and ultrassound. The prevailing meth- od for induction is a com bination of teas and misoprostol (called Cytotec in Brazil), followed by hospital assistance after induction. Women are usually helped by a relative or their partners and several women reported helping other women to have abortions.
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Abstract This paper presents an analysis of the

Abstract This paper presents an analysis of the

While the Scottish Prison Service (SPS) as a whole has moved toward a more care orientated ethos in recent years under its new Organisation Review - Unlocking Potential, Transforming Lives launched in 2013, with a focus on the rehabilita- tion of returning citizens, the Scottish Children’s Hearing System (CHS) has, been from the outset, a welfare based initiative that places the welfare of the child as central. A noteworthy distinction between these two constructions of care is that under the rehabilitation rhetoric of adult prison, custody continues to be framed as the best place to access support and services for those in need, despite its damaging effects, where as a logic of diversion from custody and the use of imprison- ment as a last resort in acknowledgement of its inherently damaging impact on those incarcerat- ed, now underpins the principles of youth justice. The Scottish prison system can, hold prison- ers from the age of 12 (the minimum criminal age in Scotland) in extreme cases, although in practice, only those aged 16+ are likely to be sen- tenced to detention in a young offenders institu- tion (YOI). In Scotland the sentences for under 18 can be extended to adult life in cases of homi- cide or serious sexual assault. Until the age of 21, a person is held in a YOI, being then, transferred to an adult prison to complete the sentence. There is no substantial difference in the health provision between YOI and adult prisons, despite specific strategies adopted by the government to improve the overall outcomes of YOI. In Novem- ber 2011 the responsibility for the provision of health care in Scottish prisons was taken over by the National Health Service Scotland (NHS Scot- land). Previously, access to primary health care for prisoners, was the responsibility of the SPS. The transfer of responsibilities from SPS to NHS Scotland was triggered by the requirement that health services for prisoners should equate to those offered to the general population and that responsibility for healthcare across the whole population irrespective of status should be sub- sumed by the NHS.
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Abstract The scope of this paper was to assess the

Abstract The scope of this paper was to assess the

Abstract The scope of this paper was to assess the temporal and geographical trends of diarrhea and its implications on the demands of hospitaliza- tions of children under five years of age in the state of Pernambuco in 1997 and 2006. Databases of two population-based surveys were assessed with probabilistic samples of 2078 children (1997) and 1650 children (2006) evaluated in 18 municipal- ities of Pernambuco, including the Metropolitan Region of Recife, Urban Interior and Rural Interi- or. Prevalence was considered to involve the occur- rence of cases on the day or in the two weeks prior to the interview and as admissions, service cases with minimal hospital stay of 24 hours in the pe- riod, covering up to one year before the interview. The prevalence of diarrhea in Pernambuco had a statistically non-significant decline (19.8% to 18.1%; p = 0.192). However, a statistically-sig- nificant reduction was observed (16.9% to 10.5%; p = 0.003) in the Metropolitan Region of Reci- fe. The number of admissions increased by more than double (2.7% to 5.5% in the State and from 1.6% to 3.8% within the Metropolitan Region of Recife), in contrast with national trends. There- fore, diarrhea in the State appears as the main component of the demands of pediatric hospital- izations during the period under scrutiny. Key words Diarrhea, Prevalence, Hospitaliza- tion and child health
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Abstract The scope of this paper was to assess the

Abstract The scope of this paper was to assess the

Abstract The scope of this paper was to assess the temporal and geographical trends of diarrhea and its implications on the demands of hospitaliza- tions of children under five years of age in the state of Pernambuco in 1997 and 2006. Databases of two population-based surveys were assessed with probabilistic samples of 2078 children (1997) and 1650 children (2006) evaluated in 18 municipal- ities of Pernambuco, including the Metropolitan Region of Recife, Urban Interior and Rural Interi- or. Prevalence was considered to involve the occur- rence of cases on the day or in the two weeks prior to the interview and as admissions, service cases with minimal hospital stay of 24 hours in the pe- riod, covering up to one year before the interview. The prevalence of diarrhea in Pernambuco had a statistically non-significant decline (19.8% to 18.1%; p = 0.192). However, a statistically-sig- nificant reduction was observed (16.9% to 10.5%; p = 0.003) in the Metropolitan Region of Reci- fe. The number of admissions increased by more than double (2.7% to 5.5% in the State and from 1.6% to 3.8% within the Metropolitan Region of Recife), in contrast with national trends. There- fore, diarrhea in the State appears as the main component of the demands of pediatric hospital- izations during the period under scrutiny. Key words Diarrhea, Prevalence, Hospitaliza- tion and child health
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Abstract This paper shows some reflections based

Abstract This paper shows some reflections based

ent then. As a result of a collective effort that be- gan in 1995, fueled by the stimulating discussions at the 1994 Cairo Conference on Population and Development and the 1995 Beijing International Women’s Conference, that group had something in common. They all recognized the historical itinerary and importance of the feminist legacy and the sexual rights movement to the way in which male experiences, symbolic social reas- signments about masculinity: [...] In seeking to define broadly in public and private spheres their space in politics, economics and issues related to sexuality, women and homosexuals organized themselves to challenge the discrimination they suffered by proposing other mentalities, behav- iors and perspectives, “other words” for inter- gender relationships, questioning above all the hegemonic masculinity: white, heterosexual and dominant. At the time, we were thinking about the effects of shifts produced by feminism on men and the symbolic order of masculinity. Such shifts derived mainly from the achievements of the women’s and LGBT movements, who claimed, in a more or less direct way, a symbolic resignification of masculinity.
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Abstract This paper aims to analyze the main

Abstract This paper aims to analyze the main

Abstract This paper aims to analyze the main characteristics of Road Traffic Accidents (RTA) mortality in Brazil for the period 1996-2015, focusing on the 10-29 years’ age group. This is a two-step study consisting of (i) a bibliographic re- view on the topic of traffic violence in Brazil, and (ii) a study on RTA mortality in the Mortality Information System (SIM). The former situates the state of the art of scientific production on the theme and produces the theoretical reference for the analysis of the latter. During the period, about 39,000 people died by RTA, of which about 13,200 adolescents and young people died. The coun- try should curb mortality to somewhere around 19,500/year and, among adolescents and young people, to 6,500/year to achieve SDG 3.6. With the establishment of the Brazilian Traffic Code (CTB), RTA mortality rate fell between 1997 and 2000. The rate increased in the subsequent decade. The focus on adolescents and young peo- ple help us understand that, in the post-CTB and Prohibition, male black and brown motorcyclists became the main victims. The literature provides data analysis and shows that reduction is cur- rently submitted to an articulated discussion that involves worker’s health, gender, employment, ur- ban mobility and advertising policies. Concerning SDG, this means that achieving SDG 3.6 is a pro- cess that involves interacting with policies target- ing other SDGs.
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Abstract This paper aims to analyze the narra-

Abstract This paper aims to analyze the narra-

The search for spaces for sharing stories about abortion has indicated sites that convey informa- tion about medical abortion and whose portals provide a space for reporting through chat tools, comments, and content upload platforms as the most recurring results. Unlike websites such as Abortivo or Aborto na Nuvem, where reports lan- guish in confusing comment boxes, platform Fiz um Aborto of the Women on Web group makes the statements available in two ways: through a map or a large mural in which the stories are ar- ranged next to avatars and where it is possible to select filters such as country of origin and meth- ods used. We chose this platform also because of a large number of Brazilian stories available; the easy navigation and the possibility of classifying the reports by the method used; and because of publicly informing the organizations that sup- port the project, which facilitates verification of information about it.
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Abstract This paper addresses the health challen-

Abstract This paper addresses the health challen-

even stated then that virtual communities have the same features as communities with domi- nant face-to-face interaction. These technologies are also used for the management of public af- fairs, a phenomenon now receiving several nick- names: e-government, e-governance, e-health (or telehealth), among others. Of the ones that are of immediate interest to us, the idea of govern- ment and governance, the issue is whether these management tools, now using Internet-delivered information and communication technologies, would retain the same characteristics. Right away, by consulting the literature on the subject, there is no consensus on what e-government and e-gov- ernance means. An essential part of the literature does not distinguish between the two words, in- corporating the ingredients of the two phenom- ena, government and governance. Another group of researchers addresses the original concept by associating the idea of e-governance with that of e-democracy. That is, it only makes sense to think about e-governance when the processes of par- ticipation and social control in management are included. Therefore, it seems to us that this idea is more interesting because it allows us to com- pare with the pre-digital revolution processes of governance 38 .
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Abstract This paper articulates contemporary

Abstract This paper articulates contemporary

In 1997, that is, two years after TRIPS’ entry into force, of the total number of applications filed worldwide, 63.4% were residents and the remainder were non-residents. This ratio has suffered favorable variations to the participation of residents, which in 2016 reached the level of 70.9%. As shown in Table 1, its distribution by country, considering the income category, in- dicated that, in 1997, 87.9% of the applications filed worldwide were so in high-income coun- tries, of which 59.4% belonged to its residents. By 2016, the percentage of participation of these countries in total annual filings in relation to the world total had fallen to 49.6% and only 29.4% would be of their residents. In the upper mid- dle-income countries, participation in total glob- al filings increased from 9.4% in 2004 to 47.6% in 2016, with resident participation growing from 3.3% to 40.6% % of total world filings. Patent fil- ing applications in lower- and lower-middle-in- come countries remained insignificant and par- ticipation of their residents in the world total was negligible as well 22 .
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Abstract This paper aims to analyze the narra-

Abstract This paper aims to analyze the narra-

tives about abortion experiences available in an online community to discuss the methods and strategies to which women resort, facing the legal impossibility of voluntarily interrupting a pre- gnancy and the effects of the criminalization of induced abortion. The methodology used was vir- tual ethnography, observing the platform Women on Web, collection and analysis of 18 narratives publicly available without restrictions, selected between November 2016 and January 2017. The narratives report mixed methods to perform an abortion, with widespread use of Cytotec. Some cases include hospitals and medical clinics in the paths, whether to conduct examinations or attend to intercurrences. The internet appears as a po- pular tool to gather information, negotiate and even purchase abortive drugs, as well as a plat- form to share experiences. We concluded that the narratives point to insecurities, risks, and violence to which women are submitted in clandestine set- ting; they show the relevance of debate on decri- minalizing abortion in Brazil, and also reinforce the existence of a shared abortion culture, as stated in other studies.
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Abstract—In this paper a detailed description and analysis

Abstract—In this paper a detailed description and analysis

This paper is structured into three parts. The first part is an introduction of the classical Bergeron model for lossless lines and for lossy lines using constant parameters. The second part describes the inclusion of the frequency effect on the Bergeron line model using vector fitting. The third part shows the implementation of the model and compares its output with two well-established line models: a frequency-domain model using numerical Laplace transform [1] and a frequency-dependent cascade of π circuits [3] [7].
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Abstract This paper analyzes the illegal trade in

Abstract This paper analyzes the illegal trade in

Abstract This paper analyzes the illegal trade in misoprostol, the medication predominantly used for abortion in Brazil. The study analyzed ten cases that came to the attention of the Public Pros- ecution Service for the Federal District between 2004 and 2010. The cases were organized into three categories: 1. women’s stories; 2. profile of the vendors; 3. maternal mortality cases. The re- search was reviewed by an ethics committee. The main outcomes were: 1. young women in steady relationships use misoprostol in the home or with the assistance of drug vendors. Of the seven wom- en indicted, three were reported on arrival at the public hospital to finalize abortion; 2. the drug vendors work at the community drugstore and are local agents for the sale of misoprostol. They instruct women on how to use the drug and how to prevent infections, but refuse to provide them with care in case of emergency. Traffickers oper- ate via the internet and have a larger inventory of drugs; 3. there were two cases of maternal mor- tality due to the combination of high risk meth- ods, such as a vaginal probe and misoprostol. The main causes for maternal mortality are the delay in seeking medical care, as the women fear crim- inal prosecution, and the combined use of miso- prostol with high risk methods.
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INTERRELATIONSHIP S BETWEEN HEALTH, ENVIRONMENT QUALITY AND ECONOMIC ACTIVITY: WHAT CONSEQUENCES FOR ECONOMIC CONVERGENCE?

INTERRELATIONSHIP S BETWEEN HEALTH, ENVIRONMENT QUALITY AND ECONOMIC ACTIVITY: WHAT CONSEQUENCES FOR ECONOMIC CONVERGENCE?

Abstract:This paper examines the link between health indicators, environmental variables and economic development, and the consequences of this relationship on economic convergence for a large sample of rich and poor countries. While in economic literature income and environment are seen to have an inverted-U shaped relationship (Environment Kuznets Curve hypothesis), it is also well established that an improvement in environmental quality is positively related to health. Our study focuses on the implications of this relationship for economic convergence. In the early stage of economic development, the gain from income growth could be cancelled or mitigated by environmental degradation through populations’ health (and other channels) and create a vicious circle in economic activity unlike in developed countries. This in turn could slow down economic convergence. To empirically assess these issues, we proceeded to an econometric analysis through three equations: a growth equation, a health equation and an environment equation. We found that health is a channel through which environment impacts economic growth. When we take into account the effect of environment quality on economic growth, the speed of convergence tends to increase slightly. This shows that environmental quality could be considered as a constraint for economic convergence.
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Abstract This paper aims at proposing validat-

Abstract This paper aims at proposing validat-

Then, we selected specialists to play the role of validators. The first selection criterion was to identify authors of articles that focused on themes related, directly or indirectly, to clinical management, registered in the Scientific Elec- tronic Library Online (SciELO), in May 2015. This library was chosen because it contains the main national publications of articles in the area of public health. In addition, we identified pro- fessionals involved with the implementation of clinical management proposals in SUS, in the sphere of the Ministry of Health. Based on these two criteria, 15 specialists were chosen. Three of them did not answer the invitation to participate in the study and five refused to participate in it.
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CORRUPTION AND FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT. EVIDENCE FROM CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPEAN STATES

CORRUPTION AND FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT. EVIDENCE FROM CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPEAN STATES

Abstract: This paper examines the impact of corruption on foreign direct investment inflows for ten Central and Eastern European states. The paper attempts to answer the question: what is the role of corruption in attracting foreign direct investments? Using the data from UNCTAD for foreign direct investment and Corruption Perception Index from Transparency International, for a period of 12 years, 2000-2012, we evaluate the specific impact of corruptions on FDI using GDP as control variable. Our results confirm the majority of literature and show a negative significant relation between the variables analyzed, but at a lower intensity than expected.
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Purpose – This paper examines the use of integration mechanisms

Purpose – This paper examines the use of integration mechanisms

The analysis of the data shows that both mechanisms of cross-functional interfaces and of connectedness, as established by Jensen et al. (2009), are important and used for the integration of the relationships, as well as both helping in the generation of benefits. For the relationship between exploitative and explorative product innovation activities, the mechanisms “the involvement of people related to the exploitative product innovation activities in the explorative product innovation activities for knowledge exchange” (MCFI2) are well used, because some already existent products are related to new products, therefore there is an important knowledge exchange, as proposed by Jansen et al. (2009) and Gassmann et al. (2012). Another important mechanism is the “use of regular collaboration between people from the exploitative and explorative product innovation” (MCFI3) proposed by the respondents and not identified in the literature review. Two connectedness mechanisms, “generating the free flow of ideas and information” (MC6) and “encouraging ideas and contributions” (MC7), were also well used by the companies and were also modified by the respondents, being closer to the reality of the analyzed relationship, but maintaining the importance of the culture of freedom dimension for integration, as already pointed out by Jansen et al. (2009), Colombo et al. (2014), Wang & Rafiq (2014), Gütttel et al. (2015), and Xu et al. (2017). The exchange of information, made possible by reports and databases, among others (MC3, MC4), are is also another mechanism
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Adriana Gomes Affonso¹, Helder Lima de Queiroz² and Evlyn Márcia Leão de Moraes Novo¹

Adriana Gomes Affonso¹, Helder Lima de Queiroz² and Evlyn Márcia Leão de Moraes Novo¹

Abstract: Aim: This paper examines the spatial and temporal variation of limnological characteristics of floodplain lakes in the Solimões and Japurá confluence, an undisturbed region - the Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve (MSDR); Methods: We analyzed surface temperature, conductivity, pH, dissolved oxygen, turbidity and transparency, and surface water samples were collected for determination of suspended inorganic and organic matter, chlorophyll-a, pheophytin, total nitrogen, total phosphorus, organic and inorganic carbon, in two phases of the hydrograph stage, 2009 high water phase, 2008, 2009 and 2010 low water phases; Results: The results showed that the studied water bodies have high variability in all measured variables: a) between hydrograph phases; b) among main rivers; and c) between opposite margins of Japurá River; Conclusions: This shows the remarkable influence of the flood pulse and the primary water source on the limnology of this system. The monitoring of physical and chemical limnological variables in Mamirauá will serve as future reference for comparison with disturbed areas, such as the Lower Amazon, and as a baseline for modeling the effects of climate change and anthropogenic influences on Amazon aquatic ecosystem.
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