Top PDF Cardiovascular system state of the first year students

Cardiovascular system state of the first year students

Cardiovascular system state of the first year students

Kosynskyi E. О., Andriichuk Y.N., Hodinov V.N. Cardiovascular system state of the irst year students. Approaches to deinition of a level of state of health of students are shown. 94 students (48 girls and 46 youths) of basic medical group took part in an experiment. The state of the cardiovascular system was probed on indexes by frequencies of heart-throbs, arteriotony, index of Robinson, adaptation potential of circulation of blood. It is marked that at the beginning of school year students have a low level of functioning of the cardiovascular system. At 73,5 % girls and 62,2 % youth is expose tachycardia. At 8,2 % girls and 26,7 % youth is expose the enhanceable norm of systole arteriotony.
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ANALYSIS OF THE SUCCESS OF THIRD-YEAR STUDENTS OF MEDICINE IN MEDICAL UNIVERSITY - VARNA BY TESTED ON THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM

ANALYSIS OF THE SUCCESS OF THIRD-YEAR STUDENTS OF MEDICINE IN MEDICAL UNIVERSITY - VARNA BY TESTED ON THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM

The test is objective, fast and convenient way to assess student’s knowledge. When used regularly, it helps rhythmic learning of school material. Students of third course year are subjected in pathophysiology test of cardiovascular system during exercise. Follow the test results for the period from 2006 to 2012: Students show a relatively very good success. Differences in each individual years are negligible. Highlighting the advantages of this method of assessment. It is recommended a wider use of test as a mean as improving quality of training of students.
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Psychological distress, anxiety and depression among nursing students in Greece

Psychological distress, anxiety and depression among nursing students in Greece

A B S T R A C T : It is usually observed that nursing students undergo tremendous stress during various stages of their course but the knowledge about the stress process and depressive symptoms in this population is limited. The Aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of psychological distress, anxiety and depression among nursing students in Greece. For that purpose 170 nursing students (34 males, 136 females) of the Department of Nursing of the Technological Educational Institute of Thessaloniki completed 3 self-report questionnaires, the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ), the Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI-II) and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). The mean age was 21.5 years. No difference in stress and depression on the basis of gender was observed. Our results showed that the scores on the GHQ, BDI and STAI tend to increase in the year 2 and 3. The majority of students reported relatively high scores on the GHQ suggesting increased psychiatric morbidity. 52.4% of students experienced depressive symptoms (34.7% mild, 12.9% moderate and 4.7% severe). The scores on the state scale were higher in the years 2 and 3, while the majority of students who had no or mild stress was observed in the first and the last year. Low stress personality traits were also observed in the first and the last year. However, no significant differences between the four years were observed. Our results suggest that nursing students experience different levels of stress and depression and that these factors are positively correlated.
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Tourism education – the state of the art in tourism HE

Tourism education – the state of the art in tourism HE

Firstly, it is an absolute fact that the indicators used point clearly to a well defined tendency in the context of quantitative analysis that came from known secondary information. With respect to the number of vacancies one can conclude that they are approximate between the public and private subsystems, although we have verified a greater increase in the public figure. The consultation carried out on the numbers of registered students, in the first year and for the first time and in total academic years, allows us to conclude that there is an evident dominion by the public subsystem over the private since 1998/99. The number of graduate student’s follow an identical behavior as mentioned in the registered students, as it is easy to predict.
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THE EFFECT OF LEARNING ENVIRONMENT FACTORS ON BIOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT OF FIRST YEAR STUDENTS

THE EFFECT OF LEARNING ENVIRONMENT FACTORS ON BIOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT OF FIRST YEAR STUDENTS

Among other things, for this reason the study of the motor fitness level included also the students of the universities operating in Poland (Szopa et al., 1998; Lisicki, 2006; Podstawski, 2006; Umiastowska, 2007) and in other countries, such as for example: Russia (Negasheva & Mishkova, 2005) Slovakia (Cuberek & Machova 2009), and Japan (Tamotsu et al., 1989). In the group of studies on motor skills of students there is much less cross-sectional research, conducted regularly in a certain period of time (e.g. a decade) (Cleassens & Lefevre, 1992; Pilicz, 2000), and the research that considerates the level of motor skills depending on the selected socio-economic factors (Podstawski, 2009a, 2009b, 2010; Gill et al., 2010; Podstawski et al., 2013). The level of motor fitness is largely determined by the physical activity of man (Ford et al., 1991), but the developmental processes depend on the properties of the organism and the surrounding environment (Wolański, 2005). The response of the organism to environmental factors depends on the type of a factor, its intensity, duration and resistance of a system and its various structures (Eiben, 1998). When assessing the impact of environmental factors on the level of biological development (including motor development) of students, it should be noted that individuals coming from privileged or intellectual backgrounds are more favorable in this respect compared to children from the intermediate layers (trade, commerce), especially layers of workers and peasants (Tatarczuk, 2006; Jopkiewicz & Suliga, 2008).
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Lipid profile and cardiovascular risk factors among first-year Brazilian university students in São Paulo

Lipid profile and cardiovascular risk factors among first-year Brazilian university students in São Paulo

In the 2005 academic year, all first-year university students from a Brazilian public university, located in the city of Sao Paulo, were invited to take part in the present study. Fifty-six students pursuing career in the medical field (20% men, mean age 19.7 ± 0.9 years; and 80% women, mean age 20.6 ± 2.6 years) voluntar- ily participated in the study, representing 19% of the student population who entered the university that year. The study was approved by the Human Research Ethics Committee of the Federal University of Sao Paulo and all participants signed a consent form for participation in the protocol.
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Systemic and intraperitoneal interleukin‐6 system during the first year of peritoneal dialysis

Systemic and intraperitoneal interleukin‐6 system during the first year of peritoneal dialysis

During PD, the peritoneal membrane is continuously exposed to bioincompatible dialysis solutions that con- tain high concentrations of glucose and glucose degra- dation products and have low pH and high osmolality, all of which are potential activators of a proinflammatory response (13). Significant amounts of IL-6 are present in drained PD dialysate in much higher concentrations than in plasma under stable conditions (12), and are increased shortly before the onset of (14) and during peritonitis (15), suggesting its local production and reflecting an intraperitoneal inflammatory state (16). Although intra- peritoneal IL-6 has been used to evaluate local inflam- mation, intraperitoneal sIL-6R levels have not previously been described in the dialysate. Finally, inflammatory changes of the peritoneum are observed even before the initiation of PD treatment (8), suggesting that systemic factors related to uremia may, at least in part, be respon- sible for histological and functional changes of the ure- mic peritoneum. Indeed, recent studies performed in animal models clearly demonstrate the impact of uremia in peritoneal membrane changes (17). However, clinical evidence of the links between systemic and intraperito- neal inflammation remain to be demonstrated.
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Quality of life, stages of behavioral changes and physical activity level of Physical Education students

Quality of life, stages of behavioral changes and physical activity level of Physical Education students

The aim of this study was to identify the stages of behavioral change (SBC) and compare quality of life (QOL) and physical activity level between first-year and last-year undergra- duate Physical Education students at a public university in Pernambuco state, Northeas- tern Brazil. This is a descriptive study with a cross-sectional design. The sample consisted of 199 undergraduate Physical Education students, enrolled in the first, second, seventh and eighth semesters of their course, with a mean age of 21.32 ± 4.00 years, of which 61.80% were first-year students (enrolled in the first and second semesters). Behavioral change was verified with the SBC questionnaire, QOL with the WHOQOL-Bref and phy- sical activity level with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Student’s t-test and Chi-square test were used for data analysis, with a 5% significance level. The most prevalent SBC was in the Action stage (first-year students: 53.3% and last-year stu- dents: 43.9%). There were significant differences in the social (p <0.01) and environmental (p<0.01) domains. Regarding the physical activity level, 82.93% of first-year students and 86.84% of last-year students were physically active. Both groups of students showed rela- tively positive QOL, SBC and physical activity level, although QOL differed in terms of sociability and environmental adaptation.
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Structure and state of the university of physical culture students’ professional-pedagogical motivation

Structure and state of the university of physical culture students’ professional-pedagogical motivation

The study of dynamic properties of future physical culture pedagogues’ professional motivation as per scale “orientation to task” of V. Smekala & M. Kuchera methodology permitted to state, that 11.36% of first year students and 16.33% of fourth year students have initial level of orientation to task. These students are characterized by adhesion with items: “students give the lowest mark to teachers who present the subject, taught by them, as not arousing his interest” or “in the process of studying I like most of all, when I make a push at classes”.
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Profile of medical students in the first group of the

Profile of medical students in the first group of the

Objective: To describe first medical students’ profile of the Faculdade Israelita de Ciências da Saúde Albert Einstein. Methods: Data were collected using an electronic questionnaire during the Biostatistics course in August of 2016. The students were inquired about demographic characteristics, data on their secondary education and college entrance exams, practice of physical exercise, leisure activities done, to have a physician in the family, and specialty that they intended to pursue as a career. Results: Most of the students were women aged 18 to 21 years and who were originally from the state of São Paulo, had received secondary education in a private school, took a course to prepare for college entrance exam, and participated in more than 5 college entrance exams in the same year they entered in the School of Medicine. The majority of participants practiced physical exercise regularly and were engaged in common leisure activities. Most of students (58%) had a physician in the family and more than half (52%) did not know which specialty to pursue as career. There was no association between relationship with a physician and the student’s choice of a specialty (p=0.390). Conclusion: Although it was the first group of student of School of Medicine at Faculdade Israelita de Ciências da Saúde Albert Einstein who took a different admission process, our data showed that students’ profile is similar to students from other colleges.
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The prevalence of substance use among first-year students at the University of Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina

The prevalence of substance use among first-year students at the University of Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina

is more widespread among boys. Daily smoking (at least one cigarette a day), is confi rmed by a total of 15 % of participants. 31 % of participants state that they have drunk 5 or more drinks at one time, in the last 30 days. At least once in their life, 20 % of boys and 10 % of girls, have tried marijuana/cannabis. Although marijuana is the most common psychoactive substance, there are other drugs whose usage is widespread among young people. The percentages are smaller, but not negligible (Pilav, 2008). The participants of the ESPAD study in BiH were 15 and 16 year olds (1st grade of high school) in 2008. And thus, the same generation participated in our study, as we conducted our research in 2012 among fi rst-year students (Pilav, 2008). Given that many studies have shown that there is signifi cant prevalence of substan- ce use among the student population (Webb, Ashton, & Kamali, 1998; Guerra de Andrade, Arruda Vieira Duarte, Pereira Barroso, Guilherme Alberghini & Garcia de Oliveira, 2012; Bouillet, 2007, cited in Bouillet, 2009) we believe that this study has obtained valuable data that provides insight into the use of substances among stu- dents in Mostar. It is, also, very interesting to compare our results with the results of the 2008 ESPAD study and to discover possible trends in substance use (Pilav, 2008).
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A Experi ncia de Forma o M dica e Expectativas Sobre

A Experi ncia de Forma o M dica e Expectativas Sobre

Results: Students decided to study medicine in their mid-teens with relatives and friends having had significant influence over their decisions. Other major reasons for choosing medical training include “to take care of other people”, “fascination for the subject matters of medicine” and “I have always wanted to”. The degree of feminization of the student population is extremely high (20/25; 80.0%). Medical students are in general satisfied with the training program, and have expectations that the training received will allow them to be good professionals. Nevertheless, they consider the course too theoretical. Medical students know that this represents an opportunity for them to contribute to public welfare. Nonetheless, their expectations are to combine public sector practice with private work. Medical students come mostly from Santiago Island where the Capital of the Country is located. They still do not know about their future area of specialization. But all of those who want to specialize want to do so abroad. They mostly expect to follow hospital careers rather than health administration or family and community medicine.
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First and Fourth-Year Student’s Perceptions about Importance of Nursing Care Behaviors: Socialization toward Caring

First and Fourth-Year Student’s Perceptions about Importance of Nursing Care Behaviors: Socialization toward Caring

In the present study a cross-sectional design was used. This way is appropriate for the study of first and fourth-year nursing student' perceptions of important nursing care behaviors. Finally, the extent of perceptual similarities or differences on caring between these two groups will be determined. The target population for this study was the baccalaureate nursing students from two nursing and midwifery faculties in Iran (Tabriz & Urmia). We selected the participants of our study by using convenience sampling. All first and fourth- year nursing students were individually asked to participate in this study in 2012. First and fourth-year nursing students from two faculties were 260 persons. Thirty students (11 of the first-year students and 19 of the fourth-year students) did not consent to participate (Mainly due to lack of interest in research) and finally, 230 persons (response rate=88.4%) were participated in the current study (first-year students=130 and fourth-year students=100). It should be mentioned that initially by pilot study (30 subjects) for parametric estimate of sample size, indicated that 100 persons for each group of first and fourth-year students (totally 200 students) would be sufficient
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More doctors: better attention to the population's health?

More doctors: better attention to the population's health?

Brazilian physicians can be attributed the same life expectancy as the population that they attend, i.e. 73 years. They will probably work until they reach the age of 70 years. Therefore, it can be supposed that, from the time of gaining specialist certification until retirement, they will have 40 years of professional life. It is legitimate to estimate that 1 in 40, or 8,750, will leave the profession every year. On the other hand, there are 181 medical schools, 3 from which 90% of the students admitted graduate, which means 13,500 new phy-
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Arq. Bras. Cardiol.  vol.94 número4

Arq. Bras. Cardiol. vol.94 número4

The inclusion criteria were: to have been undergoing HD for a period between 1 and 12 months, no previous cardiovascular diseases (congestive heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular accident or peripheral arterial failure) and sign the free and informed consent form. The exclusion criteria were: malignant diseases, active infection, non-sinus rhythm, significant valvopathy (valve prosthesis, any degree of mitral or aortic stenosis and moderate to significant mitral, aortic or tricuspid regurgitation), pericardial effusion, and technically unsatisfactory echocardiogram. All patients were submitted to HD in an Altra Touch equipment (Althin, Miami, Florida, Fl, USA) , containing a cellulose acetate dialyzer with a minimum blood flow regulation of 200 ml/minute and dialysate flow of 300 to 500 ml/minute. The “dry-weight” estimation (volume to be removed by ultrafiltration) was carried out by clinical signs of hydration, blood pressure behavior during the HD session and electrical bioimpedance 8 . The body surface was
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The Impact of the Expansion of the Bolsa Familia Program on the Time Allocation of Youths And Their Parents Lia Chitolina Miguel Nathan Foguel Naercio Menezes-Filho

The Impact of the Expansion of the Bolsa Familia Program on the Time Allocation of Youths And Their Parents Lia Chitolina Miguel Nathan Foguel Naercio Menezes-Filho

This paper evaluates the impact of the 2007 expansion of the Bolsa Família program to families with youths aged 16 to 17 years (entitled Benefício Variável Jovem) on the time allocation of youths and on the labor supply of their parents. A differences-in-differences intention to treat estimator was used to compare households among the poorest 20 per cent with 16 years old youths with households in the same income bracket with 15 years old adolescents before and after the expansion. The results show that granting the benefit had a positive and significant impact on school attendance, helping bridge 25% of the gap in school attendance between rich and poor households, and on the decision of young people to study and work at the same time. The effects on school attendance were stronger for males and when the child was the youngest in the household. No impacts were found on the parents ’ labor supply.
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Clinics  vol.60 número5

Clinics vol.60 número5

In the first 4 tests, we did not include all disciplines either when they failed to comply with the deadline or be- cause the quality of questions was unacceptable. However, from the second test onwards, at least 90% of all disciplines were included. There was no difference in the degree of difficulty of the questions used in the tests over the years (mean degree of difficulty). However, the questions gradu- ally became more discriminative. Thus, in the last 4 tests, the questions had good discrimination power in clinical sci- ences and clerkship rotation, while still needing some im- provement in basic sciences.
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Medical Training Experience and Expectations Regarding Future Medical Practice of Medical Students at the University of Cape Verde

Medical Training Experience and Expectations Regarding Future Medical Practice of Medical Students at the University of Cape Verde

Results: Students decided to study medicine in their mid-teens with relatives and friends having had significant influence over their decisions. Other major reasons for choosing medical training include “to take care of other people”, “fascination for the subject matters of medicine” and “I have always wanted to”. The degree of feminization of the student population is extremely high (20/25; 80.0%). Medical students are in general satisfied with the training program, and have expectations that the training received will allow them to be good professionals. Nevertheless, they consider the course too theoretical. Medical students know that this represents an opportunity for them to contribute to public welfare. Nonetheless, their expectations are to combine public sector practice with private work. Medical students come mostly from Santiago Island where the Capital of the Country is located. They still do not know about their future area of specialization. But all of those who want to specialize want to do so abroad. They mostly expect to follow hospital careers rather than health administration or family and community medicine.
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COMPARISON OF EFFECTIVENESS OF TRADITIONAL AND INTERACTIVE LECTURE METHODS FOR TEACHING BIOCHEMISTRY AMONG FIRST YEAR MEDICAL STUDENTS IN GOVERNMENT MEDICAL COLLEGE, IDUKKI, KERALA

COMPARISON OF EFFECTIVENESS OF TRADITIONAL AND INTERACTIVE LECTURE METHODS FOR TEACHING BIOCHEMISTRY AMONG FIRST YEAR MEDICAL STUDENTS IN GOVERNMENT MEDICAL COLLEGE, IDUKKI, KERALA

The interactive techniques that can be adopted in the class room include asking multiple choice questions to students, brainstorming, small group activities, role playing, problem solving, case based discussions, pre and post-test, quiz programs etc. The teacher student interaction can be improved by audio or video presentations. Recently interactive techniques like simulated patients and virtual patients have been introduced to increase active participation of students. Breaking up the lecture with these techniques resulted in creative thinking and arousal of the students in the classes.
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Electrical Machines Monitoring System – an approach based on Internet of Things

Electrical Machines Monitoring System – an approach based on Internet of Things

Applying a D.C. voltage to the induction motor windings, a constant flux is generated since f = 0. The hypothetical synchronous speed of the engine, 𝑁 𝑠 , now decreases to zero. At the point when this consistent flux is cut by the rotor conductors, as the rotor rotates, it initiates an enduring (D.C.) e.m.f. in the rotor circuit, which delivers the required brake impact. In slip-ring engines, the braking torque can be controlled by embeddings appropriate opposition in the rotor circuit and differing the excitation voltage (Figure 3-17), not changing the excitation current. Braking in slip-ring engines by this technique is increasingly precise and less difficult. Some run curves of the mill braking bends are appeared in for a slip-ring engine (Figure 3-16). In squirrel confine engines, without outside obstruction, the stator windings can be set in several designs, for example, arrangement, parallel, star or delta, as appeared in Figure 3-17, to accomplish the changing impacts of excitation voltage. This kind of braking is valid for both squirrel confine and slip-ring engines rarely being used.
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