Top PDF The influence of motivations in tourists’ involvement

The influence of motivations in tourists’ involvement

The influence of motivations in tourists’ involvement

Motivation is the set of internal forces that push people to undertake certain actions to achieve an end, so it explains why individuals decide to do something, for how long and with which commitment. In short, they represent the internal forces that lead individuals to action (Schiffman & Kanuk, 1997). Motivations are an important dimension in tourism research. It is a central concept in the comprehension of consumer behavior and in the tourism decision process. Many key questions related with tourism activities can be answered trough motivation study, namely ‘why people travel’, ‘why do they visit some destinations and choose certain activities?’ The understanding of those questions helps researchers to justify the comprehension of the higher or lower investment that tourists imply in their trips. The measuring of motivations allows identifying and categorizing tourists, also to understand and analyze trips patterns (Fodness, 1994).
Mostrar mais

17 Ler mais

The influence of motivational involvement, in physical activity level improving, using formative evaluation procedures

The influence of motivational involvement, in physical activity level improving, using formative evaluation procedures

Physical Fitness is a state of well-being, influenced by nutritional status, the genetic structure and frequent participation in various physical activities. Furthermore, it is important the involvement in physical fitness of psychological, sociological, emotional and cultural [7]. This time, there is a relationship between physical fitness and health, correlating positively with a low risk of developing hypokinetic diseases, which are called "diseases of modern civilization and developing", caused by the lack of movement throughout life. These causes appear due to the current lifestyle of industrialized countries, where everything works the basis of technology, they do not need to expend as much energy as in the past. Like most pandemics, and obesity is a disease hypokinetic considered a pandemic by the World Health Organization, prevention and/or treatment is to change the environment for their development. Therefore, and considering the physical inactivity as a major factor in the development of this pandemic, should be through the promotion and practice of regular exercise to prevent and/or deal with the hypokinetic-related diseases should be made. In this context, it is important the physical fitness assessment, because it will allow to monitor the progression of young people, increase their motivation, help decide the definition of the syllabus, allowing to evaluate the program and has a tendency to promote Physical Education and own Physical Activity.
Mostrar mais

19 Ler mais

The influence of motivational involvement in physical activity level improving using formative evaluation procedures

The influence of motivational involvement in physical activity level improving using formative evaluation procedures

The school, being a privileged means for the diffusion of physical activity in adolescents, has a general, professional and appropriate conditions for the development of this practice. However, professionals should provide safe activities, sensible, that impair effective school-age population of sedentary people and providing, them, habits of physical exercise to them endure into adulthood (Dishman et al., 2004). Physically active lifestyle, during childhood, is associated with physical well-being in adulthood, as a physically inactive lifestyle is a risk factor for the gain in body mass with result of aging, mainly related with an increase in fat mass. Thus, the promotion of healthy lifestyle habits imposed as a goal of any education system is recognized to the discipline of Physical Education election as one of their guidelines and a central role in health education. The school becomes the most democratic medium of dissemination of physical exercise, because there is no distinction of race, sex or social status.
Mostrar mais

18 Ler mais

Premium private labels : the influence of involvement, perceived quality and previous experience on purchase intention

Premium private labels : the influence of involvement, perceived quality and previous experience on purchase intention

The 10 items of the hedonic/utilitarian scale developed by Voss et al. (2003) were subjected to principal components analysis using SPSS 2 . Prior, the suitability of data for factor analysis was assessed. Inspection of the correlation matrix revealed the presence of many coefficients of .3 and above. The Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin value was .856 exceeding the recommended value of .6 (Kaiser, 1974) and Bartlett’s Test of Sphericity (Bartlett, 1954) reached statistical significance, supporting the factorability of the correlation matrix. An inspection of the scree plot revealed a clear break after the second component, thus two components were retained for further investigation. Furthermore, an Oblimin rotation was performed and showed a number of strong loadings and all variables loading substantially on only one component. The interpretation of component 1 (utilitarian) and component 2 (hedonic) was consistent with the original research on hedonic and utilitarian product types, whereas utilitarian products loaded strongly on component 1 and hedonic on component 2 (Voss et al., 2003). This validates that the scale items measure what they are supposed to measure. There is a weak positive correlation between the two factors (r= .215). The results made it possible to combine the items into two new variables (5 utilitarian items and 5 hedonic items), ‘Utilitarian Value’ (sum of utilitarian items) and ‘Hedonic Value’ (sum of hedonic items). In order to make them comparable, the scales were transformed into (-3; -2; -1; 0, 1, 2, 3) for the hedonic variables and the other way around for the utilitarian variables.
Mostrar mais

89 Ler mais

The determinants of length of stay of tourists in the Azores

The determinants of length of stay of tourists in the Azores

Traditionally, length of stay has been relatively short, explained mostly by the fact that the predominant tourists were from mainland Portugal, who routinely took regular flights, mostly over the weekend or around holidays, for short stays. Recently, length of stay has increased and is bound to increase even further in the near future as the tourist landscape changes. Nowadays, there are several charter carriers offering direct connections and tour packages to, among others, the Nordic countries (Sweden, Norway, Finland and Denmark), Germany, the UK, Spain and the Netherlands, where people keenly appreciate the Azorean pristine natural surroundings and year-round mild weather. Despite the recent successes, several challenges remain. Ranking high among the most pressing issues lays a desire by public officials and hotel operators to increase average length of stay, which is perceived as crucial to increase occupancy rates and make operations run smoother. Hence, learning the determinants of length of stay is critical to improve the effectiveness of regional tourism policy. In order to do so, it is important to uncover variables that not only explain length of stay, but also may be used in the design of marketing policies that effectively influence length of stay.
Mostrar mais

18 Ler mais

The involvement of endothelial mediators in leprosy

The involvement of endothelial mediators in leprosy

2000, Wang et al. 2014). In spite of the clear significance of VCAM-1 in inflammation, only a previous study has shown the elevation of VCAM-1 in non-reactional leprosy patients with antiphospholipid antibodies (Martinuzzo et al. 2002). Herein, we demonstrate a noticeable increase of VCAM-1 in NR leprosy patients compared to HC. However, we observed that T2R presented lower serum titles of VCAM-1 in comparison to NRT2 and NR samples, maybe due to the widely variable VCAM-1 production in T2R, and the relative small number of NRT2 patients enrolled in our study. Additionally, the majority of T2R patients were LL (89.4%), while the NRT2 patients were BL (80%). We could not reject the possible influence of clinical forms of leprosy in final results of VCAM- 1. Similar findings were observed in TF evaluation, probably for the same reasons argued in the case of VCAM-1. The distribution of clinical forms in T2R and NRT2 did not influence VEGF and TM results. Previous studies have demonstrated that ICAM-1 in keratinocytes (Sullivan et al. 1991) and E-selectin (Souza et al. 2015) in endothelial cells could be correlated with the outcome of the host response to infection. We suggest a comparable role of VCAM-1 with the former adhesion molecules, in the endothelium of leprosy patients.
Mostrar mais

7 Ler mais

MOTIVATIONS, EXPECTATIONS AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF CAREER-CAPITAL IN SELF-INITIATED EXPATRIATES

MOTIVATIONS, EXPECTATIONS AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF CAREER-CAPITAL IN SELF-INITIATED EXPATRIATES

Portuguese people do not necessarily become SIE’s for reasons relating to escape compared to SIE’s of other nationalities. However, it can be seen that the Portuguese move more often, for reasons relating to career than other nationalities. Regardless of reasons to move abroad, intrinsic factors were percieved to be important to all SIE’s in terms of employer branding. In addition, careerists place more importance on extrinsic factors and adventurers value the company reputation more. Talent use was least important to both careerists and adventurers. It can therefore be seen that the reason for becoming a SIE can influence the importance that individuals place on different employer branding characteristics, thus in which areas career capital can be developed. By matching the empirical research with the career capital theory the following policy recommendations can be given to HR managers in attracting, retaining and developing SIE’s.
Mostrar mais

24 Ler mais

Influence of sociodemographic factors on eating motivations – modelling through artificial neural networks (ANN)

Influence of sociodemographic factors on eating motivations – modelling through artificial neural networks (ANN)

sociodemographic factors, biology, health, emotions, society and culture, convenience, price, ethical concerns, environmental aspects, political contexts, studies or nutrition knowledge, to cite the most relevant (Kullen et al. 2016; Cunha et al. 2018). In sum, food- related decisions depend on the person’s cultural traditions, socioeconomic status, beliefs and values, marketing influences, as well as psychological and physiological factors (Rozin 2007; Köster 2009; Sobal & Bisogni 2009). Moreover, the food choice process is dynamic, meaning that it changes during a person’s lifetime and varies from person to person and also from situation to situation (Monteleone et al. 2017). Thus, given the impact that diet has on health and the urgency to change dietary habits, it is crucial to understand the motivations that influence people’s food choices, so that actions can be developed to improve people’s eating habits.
Mostrar mais

37 Ler mais

Measuring Tourists Happiness: the case of the Algarve

Measuring Tourists Happiness: the case of the Algarve

Happiness and Quality of Life (QoL) have been receiving attention since many of the social ills have been reduced in the Western World. Happiness is considered one of the contributors to good QoL: if a community has happy citizens, their QoL is viewed as generally good (Veenhoven, 1997). In the same way, tourists’ happiness and QoL have become an important and interesting issue of research. However, measuring tourists’ happiness is a changeling problem. In this paper we present research on measuring tourists’ happiness. First, we have developed a model to explain the effect of different life domains on tourists’ happiness. Results indicated that both satisfaction with their family life and satisfaction with their jobs and activities play a significant role in determining overall happiness. After that, we have developed a model to identify which QoL factors influence tourists’ happiness. Results indicated that both present tourists’ QoL and QoL of their friends have a significant effect on tourists’ general happiness. A survey sample of tourists in the Algarve was used to test binary logistic regression models to detect factors affecting the probability of being at a specific level of happiness.
Mostrar mais

19 Ler mais

Benchmarking holiday experience: the case of senior tourists

Benchmarking holiday experience: the case of senior tourists

Of late, the senior tourism has received a wide attention in the literature as people aged 60 years and above are expected to constitute 22 percent of world’s population by 2050 (United Nations, 2002). The senior travelers also represent the lion’s share of holiday spending (Javalgi et al., 1992). In general, travel motivations of seniors are explained by ‘theory of push and pull motivations’ (Dann, 1977). The push factors (or intrinsic motivators), correspond to the needs and preferences of travelers (Klenosky, 2002) such as desire to escape from routine, experience adventure, interact socially, etc. Meanwhile, the pull factors (or extrinsic motivators) are characteristics pertaining to the destination such as image, natural beauty, safety, etc. (Uysal and Jurowski, 1994). While the push factors give tourists a reason to travel, the pull factors explain their choice of destination (Crompton, 1979).
Mostrar mais

28 Ler mais

The perception of foreign tourists on the image of Serbia

The perception of foreign tourists on the image of Serbia

More than half of all respondents who visited Serbia for the first time, expressed a desire to come back and visit the same or a different destination. Loyalty of the EXIT festival visitors mainly depends on the attractiveness and popularity of the music and performers. As for the visitors of Belgrade, 77% of respondents stated that they would re- visit Serbia. In order to increase the loyalty of this group of visitors, it is necessary to offer more diverse content of tourist activities, better accommodation and other capacities, as well as package tours related to short visits (city-break), based on the model of developed European cities. According to the survey, the tourists who visited Serbia during their cruise on Danube River are the least loyal consumers. Namely, only half of the respondents, who visited Serbia in 2007, said that they would like to come again. The reason for the low consumer loyalty of this group is their short visitation in Serbia, that includes only a daily tour of the city, so the real interaction with local population is not possible. A short stay is not enough to make the tourists interested in visiting some other Serbian destinations. Moreover, their average age (70 years) also affects their decision to return to the same destination, as they have a desire to see as many new places as possible. Authors Howard and Allen (2008) with their research also explain what encourage visitors and potential visitors to visit, or re-visit Serbia. They believe that more information about this destination and better marketing would encourage potential tourists to come to Serbia. In addition, they have concluded that the relatively low prices of goods and services are attractive for foreign tourists what make the image of Serbia as a tourist destination favored by the potential customers. Besides that, respondents in the study of these authors stated that creating of "low-cost" airline flights, would influence their intention to visit Serbia.
Mostrar mais

24 Ler mais

THE THEORY AND PRACTICE OF HUMAN RESOURCES MOTIVATIONS IN HOSPITAL UNITS

THE THEORY AND PRACTICE OF HUMAN RESOURCES MOTIVATIONS IN HOSPITAL UNITS

motivationg or rendering faithful their employ‑ ees and for maintaining a social climate capable of limiting the occurrence and consequences of labour conlicts [1,2]. We are now witnessing a complicate period, characterized by redeinition of the competences and responsibilities involved in the management of the human resources. Staff representatives are now especially interested in following the motivations of the employees, in satisfying their individual needs, in their psycho‑ logical health, communication, mobilization and involvement. The main instruments utilised to such ends are the social advantages: the wages system, the leave of absence, the retirement plan. Currently under analysis are the jobs, the iles describing one’s obligations as an employee, the means for improving the climate and the content of the duties to be fulilled.
Mostrar mais

6 Ler mais

Additional evidence for the involvement of endonuclease P23 in necrosis

Additional evidence for the involvement of endonuclease P23 in necrosis

Incubation of nuclei under conditions favoring poly(ADP- ribosyl)ation completely abolished p23 activity from the subse- quently isolated nuclear matrix (Fig. 1B, lane 2). However, in nuclei incubated under conditions in which poly(ADP-ribo- syl)ation was inhibited, either due to the presence of the PARP- 1 inhibitor 3AB (Fig. 1B, lane 3) or to the absence of NAD, the substrate for poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation (lane 4), p23 activity was not observed in the nuclear matrix, effectively ruling out both direct and indirect influence of poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation on p23 inhibition. The absence of p23 activity in the nuclear matrix suggests that the enzyme was released from the nuclear matrix during the incubation step. The supernatants obtained after in- cubation of nuclei in reaction mixtures either with or without NAD and in the presence of 3AB were tested for the presence of p23 activity (Fig. 1B, lanes 5, 7, and 6, respectively). Activ- ity gel analysis confirmed the dissociation of p23 from the in- soluble nuclear fraction and also revealed that poly(ADP-ribo- syl)ation did not inhibit p23. These results were further support- ed by an experiment in which the nuclear matrix was subjected to in vitro poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation in the presence of recombi- nant PARP (10 U/µl of reaction mixture). Activity gel analysis clearly showed that p23 activity was not altered in any way as a result of PARP-1 activity (Fig. 1B, lane 8).
Mostrar mais

2 Ler mais

Understanding the effect of fashion involvement in the motivations to interact with a brand in social media applied to MANGO

Understanding the effect of fashion involvement in the motivations to interact with a brand in social media applied to MANGO

A first limitation is related to the sampling procedure, in which a non-probabilistic convenience sample was used, however according to Malhotra (1999), a non-probabilistic convenience sample has as an objective to obtain a sample of convenient elements in a quick and inexpensive way, accessible and easy to measure. Moreover, yet concerning the sampling procedure, it was not diversified as it was hoped to. The majority of the participants were female (94.64%), which was expected due to the brand in study, Mango products are mainly directed to the female target. Lastly, the questionnaire was distributed only to a Portuguese sample, and Mango is in 105 different countries. Thus, for future analysis it was relevant to achieve a higher number of respondents and from different backgrounds.
Mostrar mais

57 Ler mais

Motivations of tourists in wine regions: the case of La Rioja

Motivations of tourists in wine regions: the case of La Rioja

As the table above shows, there is no significant difference between clusters regarding only one factor: “relax mentally”. The “push” factor “discover new place and culture” shows the lowest significant difference between clusters. Factors as “using physical abilities/skills in sport” significantly differ between clusters with cluster 2 having lower mean value than cluster 1. The reason for that can be the different motivation of “wine tourists” from “other tourists”, as part of the cluster of “other tourists” are people who are engaged in long-term physical challenge as pilgrimage in St James way, that passes through La Rioja, while “wine tourists” don’t engage themselves in such activity. The motive “avoid everyday routine” has a higher mean value in cluster 1, which can be explained by “other tourists” spreading their time of visit between different activities. “Wine tourists”, on the contrary, are more goal- oriented. The motive “meet new people” has higher mean value among “other tourists” as well. This result can be associated with the categories “traveling alone” and “traveling with friends” that prevail in cluster 1 (Table 4.11). The motive “visit family
Mostrar mais

53 Ler mais

Tourists' motivations to travel: a theoretical perspective on the existing literature

Tourists' motivations to travel: a theoretical perspective on the existing literature

Maslow’s (1943) theory helps explain how the importance of strong bonds with friends as a travel motivation has gained new dimensions in highly technological societies. Nonetheless, gaining familiarity with local communities in destinations and having valued experiences closely related to host communities has also become a quite important motivation for Millennials. This generation prefers to live close to or in residential areas, staying away from tourist resorts and seeking much closer contact with locals’ way of living. In some cases, they get involved in volunteer tourism activities to contribute to a better world, also enjoying the recognition they get for their involvement in these. This is also true for Richards’s (2015) global nomads, as discussed previously.
Mostrar mais

15 Ler mais

The influence of motivations and barriers in the benefits. An empirical study of EMAS certified business in Spain

The influence of motivations and barriers in the benefits. An empirical study of EMAS certified business in Spain

Regarding the adoption of both systems in Europe, the figures show a greater tendency for companies to certify using the ISO 14001 standard; in the studies conducted by Freimann and Walther (2002) and Neugebauer (2012) it is observed that ISO 14001 seems to be more attractive because of its lower implementation costs, however, EMAS can contribute to an improvement in relationships between organizations and authorities. In Europe, taking into account the ISO Survey (2015) report, there are 119,754 certificates, of which 13,310 correspond to Spanish companies, ranking 5 in the Top 10 of the ISO 14001 standard behind China, Italy, Japan and the United Kingdom. Spain is the third European country in number of organizations with EMAS verification with 888 organizations of the total of 3,706, which represents 23.96% of the total number, behind Germany with 1,161 and Italy with 940. According to Heras et al. (2008:41) the key factors for ISO 14001 to have clearly prevailed over EMAS at a quantitative level are mainly three: the scope of recognition of ISO 14001 is much broader internationally, participation in EMAS is considered to be more expensive than ISO 14001 certification, the pressure regarding legal compliance is lower in the ISO 14001 case. For its part,, Daddi et al. (2017) investigates why the number of certified organizations EMAS has been decreasing and and notes that the main reasons are the lack of financial and human resources, the lack of market and stakeholder recognition, and the unclear added value of standard. However, Merli and Preziosi (2018:4532) investigated in Italy which aspects and characteristics determine organizations' willingness to renew or drop out of EMAS and the findings allow to affirm that despite the negative growth trend, the high levels of willingness to renew the system, they confirm the tool as a valuable resource and a solid baseline toward the implementation of more sustainable business models.
Mostrar mais

30 Ler mais

FAMILY INVOLVEMENT IN THE PROCESS OF WOMEN’S BASKETBALL SPORTS DEVELOPMENT

FAMILY INVOLVEMENT IN THE PROCESS OF WOMEN’S BASKETBALL SPORTS DEVELOPMENT

The development of a sports career is influenced by personal factors such as motivation and goals in sport, as well as by contextual factors such as training and competition requirements, follow-ups and incentives from managers, coaches, colleagues and family members. In considering, in particular, the relevance and influence of the family in the competitive sports scenario of young athletes, this study had the objective of analyze the involvement of family members in the process of sports development of 31 women's basketball athletes belonging to a sports club in the state of Santa Catarina/Brazil. Data collection was conducted through semi-structured interviews with athletes, sports managers, and sports coaches, which were analyzed by content analysis technique in NVivo software (version 9.2). Most family members of the athletes practiced or is still practicing sports, especially basketball. There was predominance of family members’ moderate involvement in the young athletes’ sports career, which is embodied by the presence in the competitions and by providing informational, emotional, and concrete support. Moreover, there were found positive behaviors of family members regarding to the athletes’ performance requirements in basketball practice.
Mostrar mais

13 Ler mais

Involvement of the caudal raphe nuclei in the feeding behavior of rats

Involvement of the caudal raphe nuclei in the feeding behavior of rats

Daily observation of the animals’ behav- ior throughout the food-offering period showed that during the first days, when placed in the cage, the rats ate continuously after a short period of exploratory activity for about 45 min, drinking little water. They then slept or explored the environment. During this phase, they lost about 16% of body weight. After the 8th day, the rats appeared to be more adapted to the model, eating immedi- ately, more slowly and for a longer time, although most food was consumed within the first 30 min. A slow and continuous recovery of body weight was then observed. Identification of the three experimental phases of chronic feeding behavior was based on these data. The paradoxical increase in body weight despite food restriction reported earlier (16,17) illustrates the adaptation of the animals to the model during the selected period. In addition, confirming this adapta- tion, the cyclic presentation of food for a fixed period of time caused entrainment (1,19) of the circadian cycle, rendering these nocturnal animals awake and very active, expecting food, while the others in the vi- varium were sleeping. The animals in the AF group were very active and drank much more water than the other groups.
Mostrar mais

6 Ler mais

The Use of Electrophoresis for the Study of Saliva Involvement in Ingestive Behavior

The Use of Electrophoresis for the Study of Saliva Involvement in Ingestive Behavior

saliva total protein content and have important biological functions, in this oral fluid, associ‐ ated with calcium binding to enamel, maintenance of ionic calcium concentration (PRPs and statherin), antimicrobial action (histatins and cystatins), or protection of oral tissues against degradation by proteolytic activity (cystatins) [47]. The nature of the interaction between these salivary proteins and polyphenols depends on several factors, among which protein charac‐ teristics and the type of polyphenol. Salivary proteins such as acidic PRPs and statherins present lower selectivity towards polyphenol structures, comparatively to histatins and cystatins [46]. Among these, salivary PRPs were by far the most studied, being generally considered as the main family of salivary proteins involved in astringency. PRPs have an extended structure allowing them to have a high affinity to bind tannins [48]. Basic PRPs have been suggested as having a primary role in the prevention against the negative antinutritive and/or toxic effects of these polyphenols [37,49]. The induction in the secretion of basic PRPs by the regular consumption of tannins reinforced this hypothesis [50]. Additionally, glycosy‐ lated PRPs, which are thought to contribute to salivary lubrication [51] also interact with tannins [52,53] and, consequently, these are proteins with potential impact in astringency. Mucins also seem to have a role in astringency, although some controversy exists among studies. These proteins are the main responsible molecules for the viscoelastic properties of saliva. Some authors reported the binding of mucins to polyphenols, and consequently an effect on astringency development [54]. On the other hand, other authors [e.g. [36]], observed that these proteins are precipitated by alum and acid, but not by polyphenols, suggesting different involvement according to the type of astringent molecule.
Mostrar mais

30 Ler mais

Show all 10000 documents...